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English spellings/Catalogs/Retro E

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Use in English
Alphabetical word list
Retroalphabetical list  
Common misspellings  

This page lists pronunciations of English words that end in E. The list is in retroalphabetical order, that is, alphabetically beginning with the final letter of the word (in this case E) and continuing backwards through it.

The apostrophe is treated as the last letter of the alphabet, after Z. Click on the blue "Catalogs" link below the article title for a pronunciation key.[e]


final e is mostly silent; for words often italicised and ending in written -é, see French words in English: -e

from Latin, from Greek -αι (though in most cases AmE has only -ê) -

some Korean names have final -âe

*réggay réggâe

Phìlâe

nébulaê

fŏrmulaê

anténnaê

nôvaê

*Fêeby Phoêbê

scrîbe

subscrîbe

descrîbe

transcrîbe

medicine prescrîbeillegal proscrîbe

adôbê

zé- xénophobe

lôbe

-ss -ce

pêace

fâce

*préffis préface

*ménnis ménace

Ẁallis = Ẁallace

pâce

*Hórris, rhyming with Mórris and words in -óris (AmE ŏ): Hórace

*térris térrace

*récky réccê

flêece

paste grêase = country Grêece

îce

édifíce

sácrifîce

órifíce BrE; AmE ǒrifíce

àrtifíce

Álíce

accòmplíce

sürplíce

nîce

Véníce

cŏrníce

chŏice

cf. Jǒyce: rejǒice

vŏice

hóspíce

cf. up rîse -z: eat rîce

thrîce

*líckerish: AmE lícorice, BrE líquorice

Prîce = prîce

caprìce

trîce

pôultíce

sólstíce

láttíce

BrE verb práctíse = noun, AmE verb práctíce

nôtíce

devîce

crévíce

sërvíce

e.g. indepéndence = indepéndents: -nts = -nce

cf. -dence: dānce

ascéndance

véngeance

sometimes written as in French séance: sèànce

chānce

lānce

survèillance

vígilance

románce

perfŏrmance

próvenance

either syllable stressed noun = verb fînánce

gòvernance

forbéarance

híndrance

Frānce

frâgrance

prānce

trānce

enter éntrance

beguile entrānce

renâissance

recónnaíssance

cf. exístence: stānce

cf. exístence: resístance

neŵ- nûànce

advānce

-ense = -ence

derived from words ending in -ent: -ence

AmE lîcense, cf. BrE and AmE suspénse: lîcence

*ákwêeyéssənss; cf. présence, -zənss: acquiéscence

câdence

décadence

coíncidence

transcéndence

subsîdence

évidence

próvidence

correspóndence

cf. dénse: fénce

AmE defénse: BrE defénce

AmE offénse: BrE offénce

négligence

indúlgence

hénce

scîence

-shənss cónscience

åudience

sâlience

-âshence impâtience

cf. prevâil: prévalence

condôlence

vîolence

përmanence

réference

circúmference

interfêrence

adhêrence

Flórence

occúrrence

rêcúrrence

ábsence

présence

cómpetence

cf. ténse: séntence

insístence

cf. stānce: exístence

ínfluence

sêquence

cónsequence

Ínce

mint míntsmeat mínce

print príntsroyal prínce

sínce

wínce

wò- ònce

nónce

dúnce

òunce

bòunce

flòunce

denòunce

renòunce

cf. spàrse: scãrce

fàrce

fìêrce

Pêarce = Pìerce = Pêirce = pìêrce

coërce

enfŏrce

-êí- reinfŏrce

divŏrce

verbs -ésce

-éss acquiésce

*côwaléss coalésce

-éss effervésce

BrE -dyoôss or -joôss, AmE doôss -dûce

redûce

indûce

verb prodûce

noun próduce

pûce

Jŏyce

wrong bád = bid báde

jâde rhymes with orangeâde

fâde

shâde

jâde

glâde

woman mâid = make mâde

serenâde

grenâde

colonnâde

lemonâde

sh-; AmE charâde, BrE charàde

parâde

cf. Wàdè: Wâde = wâde

start procêedfirst precêde

concêde

intercêde

Gánymede

Rúnnymede

supersêde

sway swâyed = material suède

Sweden Swêde = vegetable swêde

stressed in verbs, unstressed in nouns, but always pronounced -îde

hërbicide

régicide

fúngicide

hómicide

gërmicide

spërmicide

infánticide

sûicide

génocide

cŷanide

brômide

thalídomide

derîde

Â-sîde

asîde

*bêesîde B-sîde

besîde

*rizîde resîde

one word úpside

one word dòwnside

provîde

óxîde

ôde

côde

cáthode

heavy lôad = ore lôde

ánode

street rôad = ride rôde

eléctrode

Câpe Vërde

in some names -forde

íl- elûde

əl- allûde

lóngitude

látitude

áttitude

insect bêe

divorcêe

fêe

cóffee

banóffee

tóffee

-jì périgêe

-jì ápogêe

Yánkee

glêe

jubilêe

trainêe

detainêe

referêe

kédgerêe

as a suffix meaning without, -frêe should at least be hyphenated, never a separate word: cãrefrêe and commítment-frêe

degrêe

pédigree

male émigrè = female emigrèe

jamborêe

sêe

*lîcencêe licensêe

fricassêe

cf. députy: devotêe

payêe

-êe has main stress when in contrast to emplŏyer: emplŏyêe

strâfe

gáffe

lîfe

*nîfe knîfe

Tenerìfe

wîfe

normally -j: -ge

âge

mostly -íj -age

-íj cábbage

-íj bándage

*hémərij haémorrhage

*fôlìíj fôlìage

*cárríj cárriage

*márríj márriage

-ij páckage

-íj tûtelage

-àzh fûselàge

-əflàzh cámouflàge

-íj víllage

-àzh cóllàge

-íj dámage

-íj ímage

-íj pílgrimage

-íj mánage

têenâge

-àzh bádinage

pâge

rámpâge

râge

-zh Nîgel Fáràge

BrE *gáràj; *gáríj is regarded by many as uneducated; AmE *gəràzh gáràge

underâge

-íj áverage

-íj Dame Edna Éverage

person Béveridge = -íj drink béverage

-íj: AmE lév- BrE lêverage

-àzh míràge

-íj stŏrage

BrE *báràj, AmE *bəràzh bárràge

òutrâge

-íj encoúrage

*ontouràzh entoûràge

sâge

BrE *mássàj, -zh, AmE *məssàzh mássàge

-íj méssage

-àzh dréssàge

-íj ûsage

*sóssij sausage

Àrmitage

Hërmitage

móntàge -àzh

-àzh sábotàge

stâge

-íj wâstage

-íj hóstage

-ij pôstage

-íj cóttage

-ij òutage

-gwíj lánguage

wâge rhymes with assuâge

-íj sávage

-íj sálvage

bádge

cádge

vég and Rég rhyme with édge

hédge

plédge

slédge

drédge

wédge

cóllege rhymes with *nólíj knówledge

əcnól- acknówledge

mídge

rídge

brídge

frídge

pórridge

dódge

lódge

stódge

wódge

búdge

fúdge

slúdge

núdge

drúdge

grúdge

trúdge

unstressed, -íj -ege

sácrilege

prívilege

cf. édge: allége

nó- knówledge rhymes with cóllege

oblîge

-êezh prestìge

-íj véstíge

chânge

rânge

grânge

órange BrE, AmE ŏrange

Stonehénge

Pénge

avénge

scávenge

revénge

bínge

hínge

whínge

crínge

sínge

lúnge

plúnge

lòunge

scròunge

yoúng = Yoúng = Yoúnge

grúnge

Dôge

stoôge

bàrge

làrge

mërge

emërge

Sërge

vërge

dïrge

fŏrge

ürge

scöurge

pürge

sürge

*âke âche

-ásh panáche

BrE *məstàsh, AmE *mústásh moustāche

*nêesh nìche

*kêesh quìche

-kê synécdochê

cf. trôphy, átrophy: catástrophê

apóstrophê

*dhə before consonants, *dhê before vowels: thê

voiced -th (-dh): -the

lâthe

swâthe

cf. noun bréath, unvoiced th: verb brêathe

cf. noun wrêath, unvoiced th: verb wrêathe

unvoiced th: Lêthê

cf. noun clóth: lôathe rhymes with clôthe

smoôth rhymes with soôthe

words of one syllable: -y = -îe

words of more than one syllable: -y = -ìê

cábbie

Lóckerbie

colour dŷe = death dîe

báddie

tea cáddy = golf cáddie

kíddie

bïrdie

sélfie

hard gg: Mággie

soft gg (-jj-): Réggie

boôgie

down, untrue lîe

*bely, cf. relŷ: belîe

*underly underlîe

Chàrly = Chàrlie

surname Wílley = Wílly = Wíllie

bonhomiê

Mélanie

Cónnie

Lónnie

Rónnie

pîe

chêeky cháppie

rye *rîe

Ãirdrie

Êrie

ãerie

êerie

soft g: menágerie

Válerie

côterie

cálorie

éyrie

tîe

sóftie

nîghtie

sortiê

groôvy rhymes with movie

bâke

câke

Jâke

cf. bláck, Bláck: Blâke

mâke

snâke

sâke

tâke

úptake

partâke

eat steâk = hold stâke

mistâke

lîke

chîldlîke

gódlîke

wårlîke

cátlîke

pîke

chôke

brôke

ending like broòk: Ládbroke, Bólingbroke, Pémbroke

evôke

invôke

provôke

wôke

rebûke

dûke

sâle

cf. rêtâil: rêsâle

cf. noun, adjective fînal: noun finàlê

cf. adjective rátional: noun rationàle

Âbel, Bâbel, lâbel, Mâbel, all rhyme with âble

impertürbable

applícable

dis- despícable

an e may be retained before -able to show either the pronunciation of the preceding consonant or the long sound of the preceding vowel -eable

-nsəble pronòunceable

-ssəble enfŏrceable

-jəble mánageable

-jəble chângeable

-kəble unshâkable or unshâkeable

-kəble lîkable or lîkeable

-ləble sâlable or sâleable

gâble

lîable

relîable

verifîable

undenîable

cf. lâbel: avâilable

enâble

amênable

ténable

unwínnable

ádmirable

desîrable

sâble

respónsible is English; French is "responsable"

advîsable

indispénsable

lâbel rhymes with tâble

debâtable

insurmòuntable

əxép- accéptable

stâble

cònstable

unstâble

Dúnstable

forgívable

e.g. vîable: -îable *-ŷable

bábble

dábble

rábble

squó- sqùabble

rébel rhymes with pébble

dríbble

quíbble

cóbble

góbble

hóbble

nóbble

wóbble

búbble

Húbble

rúbble

stúbble

édible

tánj- tángible

fállible

térrible

hórrible

indeféncible BrE; AmE indefénsible

comprehénsible

apprehénsible

sénsible

"responsable" is French: respónsible

əxé- accéssible

colléctible

suscéptible

contémptible

irresístible

fléxible

ámble

prê- preámble

gámble

rámble

scrámble

assémble

dissémble

*rizémble resémble

*onsómble ensemble

nímble

thímble

búmble

fúmble

húmble

júmble

múmble

rúmble

crúmble

grúmble

túmble

stúmble

nôble

doúble

AmE rûble = BrE roûble

troúble

pínnacle

bàrnacle

óracle

córacle

spéctacle

téntacle

recéptacle

óbstacle

îcicle

*vêícle vêhicle

véntricle

cf. idéntical: àrticle

pàrticle

tésticle

*úngkəl úncle

càrbuncle

cïrcle

cŷcle

bîcýcle

trîcýcle

Chêadle

tréadle

crâdle

áddle

páddle

stráddle

ẁaddle

tẁaddle

medallion médal = interfere méddle

bicycle pédal = sell péddle

díddle

fíddle

míddle

píddle

ríddle

gríddle

códdle

cúddle

fúddle

befúddle

húddle

múddle

púddle

nêedle

brîdle

sîdle

cándle

dándle

hándle

spíndle

noôdle

poôdle

gïrdle

cürdle

hürdle

dåwdle

*yukalâyley ukulèlê

allêle

personnél rhymes with clientéle

báffle

ráffle

kerfúffle

trúffle

rîfle

trîfle

wíggle

bóggle

tóggle

strúggle

invêigle

g sounded separately from ng: -ngle

ángle

bángle

dángle

spángle

wrángle

wángle

bürgle

bûgle

bîle

BrE -île, AmE -əl môbile

åutomobìle

trîal rhymes with fîle

BrE -île, AmE -əl frágile

Ánglophîle

whîle

after a verb awhîle = a whîle

mîle

símilê

*fáx-ímməly facsímilê

smîle

pîle

rîle

BrE -île, AmE -əl stérile

pûerile

BrE -île, AmE -əl prayers míssal = war míssile

tîle

BrE -île, AmE -əl vólatile

mërcantîle

ínfantîle

BrE -île, AmE -əl hóstile

*gîle, hard g: guîle

revîle

táckle

héckle

fréckle

níckel rhymes with píckle

tríckle

tíckle

cóckle

búckle

chúckle

ánkle

tínkle

wrínkle

wínkle

ring béll = girl bélle

nacélle

gazélle

-ssây Marsèille

food gríll = screen grílle

(also Sávile) Sáville

Sevílle

cf. monópoly: hypërbolê

fire côal = person Côle

dôle

creôle

empty hôle = all whôle

ŏriole

môle

ballot pôll = Poland Pôle = wood pôle

over, eat rôll = play rôle

Cárol = cárol = Cárole

parôle

prôle

stâple

Bàrnstaple

pêople rhymes with stêeple

partíciple

adjective, person príncipal = belief prínciple

discîple

nípple rhymes with tríple

sāmple

exāmple

dímple

símple

rúmple

crúmple

stêeple rhymes with pêople

ápple

grápple

tríple rhymes with nípple

rípple

típple

tópple

súpple rhymes with coúple

scrûple

*îl island îsle = church aîsle

vással and in AmE words in -āstle rhyme with hássle

tússle

-zle, cf. tòwel, minimal pair: tòusle

person Súttle = obvious súbtle

chŏrtle

-səl -stle

cāstle

véssel rhymes with -éstle

néstle

tréstle

wréstle

thístle

whístle

epístle

grístle

apóstle

Éntwistle

bústle

hústle

Rússell = rústle

báttle

cáttle

cf. Beatles Bêatle: Seáttle

kéttle

gold métal = courage méttle

líttle

bóttle

rebúttal is not spelt *rebúttle

scúttle

súbtle rhymes with shúttle

-ûel rhymes with -ûle

módule

mûle

rûle

cápsule

dázzle

frázzle

embézzle

fízzle

cf. drível: drízzle

sízzle

nózzle

gúzzle

púzzle

music = person Mêe = you

cf. âim: câme

gâme

lâme

Surinám = more common Surináme

sâme

frâme

tâme

extrême

dîme

*rèzhìme regìme

lîme

verse rhŷme = frost rîme

tîme

may be two words according to sense: sòmetime

rágtime

máritime

plâytime

may be two words according to sense: *énnytime anytime

two words: évery tîme

íncòme

òutcòme

dôme

hôme

gênome

Alaska Nôme = garden gnôme

wander rôam = Italy Rôme

sòme

-səm -some

troúblesome

hándsome

thrêesome

h- whôlesome

búxom *búcksome

fùlsome

wínsome

cf. hysteréctomy: epítomê

*rizyûme resûme

*rézumây, written with French accents avoids confusion with resûme: résumé

*prizyûme presûme

-syû- consûme

-syû- assûme

frost rîme = verse rhŷme

fruit lîme = England Lŷme

énzŷme

bâne

urbâne

Lísbon rhymes with Brísbane

persons Câin = Câine = stick câne

BrE -kən húrricane

Dâne

profâne

mêthane

cf. Joánne: Diáne

Jâne

Câin = câne = Kâne

Spokáne

lâne

cf. remâin: relevant germâne

Ariádnê

scêne

obscêne

gángrêne

polystŷrene

*lazányi laságnê

-ône colôgne

-îgn rhymes with -îne

mâin = Mâine

Shàr- Charmâine

person Germâine

mìgrâine

Ukrâine

türbîne

îodîne AmE; BrE îodìne

sàrdìne

*Mádlin or *Mádlən: Mádeleíne

refîne

confîne

éngíne

cf. hérôín drug = hérôíne hero: méscalíne

declîne

reclîne

bâselîne

*vássa-lêen vaselìne

Cárolîne

mîne

fámíne

exámíne

vërmín rhymes with ërmíne

detërmíne

mézzanìne

wù- wolverìne

péregríne

latrìne

signal sîgn = mathematics sîne

énsign -sîne

sërpentîne

türpentîne

intéstíne

K- Chrístìne

prístìne

équîne

vîne

ravìne

ôvîne

bôvîne

resîgn -zîne

magazìne

win wòn = number òne

cône

cf. Stône of Scone, *Scoôn: scóne

dòne

méthadône

condône

undòne

góne

phône

vîbraphone

télephone

or A-: ánglophone

méllophone

Pàrlophone

xŷlophone

hómophone

mîcrophone

sáxophone

shóne

Hermîonê

alône

clône

anémonê

nòne

atône

stône

cf. Kíngston, both have o as schwa: Mâidstone

zône

ãirbŏrne

o as schwa in best Aus pronunciation: Mélbourne

Êastbŏurne

*dí-mâin demèsne

immûne

noun cómmune

verb commûne

= -ô, -ôw: -ôe

ôboe

dôe

fôe

-oô shoe

Jôe

álôe

rhyming with Zôê: *Klôwêe: Chlôê

slôw = slôe

-oô canoe

rôe

tôe

wôe

rhyming with Chlôê: Zôê

lándscape

escâpe

grâpe

grîpe

strîpe

wîpe

Penélopê

ántelôpe

or ón- énvelôpe

hŷpe

tŷpe

shãre

2 pãir = tree peãr = cut pãre

repãir makes a minimal pair with prepãre

héctãre

awãre

bewãre

îronwãre

sóftwãre

*âkər âcre

-kər mássacre

breathe ãir = before ére

fêar rhymes with interfêre

ear hêar = this hêre

them théir = that thére

clothes wéãr = place whére

AmE premíere, BrE prémiére

mêre

was wëre

sevêre

female emigrèe = male emigrè

ôgre

*ôker *AmE ôcher BrE ôchre

debonãir rhymes with questionnãire

*Ãira Éire

fîre

hîre

shîre

in England, schwa, -shə, or -shìre

*Glóstersher Glóucestershire

*Léstersher Léicestershire

*Wùstersher Worcestershire

-shîre, alternative strong pronunciation used mostly by Scots: Âyrshîre

mîre

rhyming with réservoir, boûdoir: *répertwàr répertoire

vámpire

émpire

úmpire

spîre

inspîre

enquîre

inquîre

cf. fŏr: befŏre

to the fŏre

thérefore

(and, for some, toûr guide) rock tŏr = téar tŏre

bizàrre

AmE thêater BrE thêatre

length AmE mêter BrE mêtre

AmE cénter BrE céntre

AmE scépter BrE scéptre

cûre

cf. grándeur -dyər: endûre

BrE *brôsher brôchure, AmE *brô-shûre brochûre

abjûre

-jər ínjure

cònjure

përjure

lûre

-lyər fâilure

BrE əlyûə allûre

manûre

ténure

BrE Shåw = AmE sûre

-zhər -sure

pléasure

méasure

tréasure

léisure

[1] BrE *inshåw, AmE *inshûre: insurance, verify insůre = verify ensůre

clôsure

*Rúsha Rússia ends like BrE présha préssure

Físher = físsure

-chər -ture

fêature

têacher rhymes with crêature

matûre

nâture

státure

pícture

cúlture

vúlture

rápture

rúpture

ôvertûre

pāsture

fûture

coutûre

sûture

fíxture

gravûre

AmE maneûver BrE manoeûvre

wê’re

of you yŏur = days yŏre = you are yŏu’re

here thére = them théir = they thèy’re

chêese, slêaze and frêeze rhyme with êase

-ss cêase

-ss lêase

-z êase rhymes with plea plêas = request plêase

-ss crêase

verb, noun -ss decrêase

verb, noun -ss incrêase

Grêece = grêase

-z têase

âce rhymes with châse

cf. fâce: confuse fâze = temporary phâse

*blàzè, *blàzây, often with French acute accent: blasé

BrE -z, AmE -ss *erâce erâse

-z phrâse

rephrâse

mostly -êez, including all nationalities (none of which end in -ise); usually stressed but can become unstressed before a noun as in Jápanese: -êse

-ss obêse

-z chêese

-z Clêese

jöurnalêse

Nepalêse

Cóngolêse

Jápanêse

Chînêse

silent u to harden g: Portuguêse

In all words apart from those specified below (e.g. precîse), -îse can be spelt as it is pronounced, -îze (e.g. críticîse/críticize): -îse

never spelt -îze because pronounced to rhyme with îce: precîse

críticîze = críticîse

never spelt -îze because pronounced to rhyme with îce: concîse

pronounced but never spelt -ize: noun, verb éxercîse

pronounced but never spelt -ize: mërchandîse

pronounced but never spelt -ize: fránchîse

vërbalize = vërbalîse

rêalîze = rêalîse

êqualîze = êqualîse

AmE -êess, BrE -êez valìse

fërtilîze = fërtilîse

sýmbolîze = sýmbolise

never spelt -ize because it is a noun and pronounced -íss: prémíse

never spelt -ize because pronounced -íss: noun, verb prómíse

pronounced but never spelt -ize: cómpromîse

pronounced but never spelt -ize: surmîse

*pŏrpus pŏrpoise

*tŏrtus tŏrtoise

pronounced but never spelt -ize: despîse

cf. -ss eat rîce: -z up rîse

glámorîze = glámorise

-êez reprìse

pronounced but never spelt -ize: comprîse

*ón prêez en prìse

pronounced but (after Jane Austen) not spelt -ize: surprîse

presh- préssurîze = pressurîse

émphasîze = émphasîse

*práctíss práctíce = British English verb práctíse

áppetîze = áppetîse

-êez expertìse

pronounced but never spelt -ize: ádvertîse

silent u; pronounced but never spelt -ize: disguîse

*broôz breŵs = brûise

*croôz creŵs = crûise

pronounced but never spelt -ize: advîse

cf. noun devîce: -z verb devîse

pronounced but never spelt *wîze: wîse

pronounced but never spelt -wize: -wîse

pronounced but never spelt -ize: lîkewîse

pronounced but never spelt -ize: clóckwîse

-ence = -ense

-ss, as also hénce, fénce: dénse

condénse

dispénse

sénse

nónsense

cf. defénce, lîcence, offénce where AmE has -ense, all -ss: suspénse

cf. séntence: ténse

-ss verbôse

béllicôse

váricose

jocôse

cf. dôze: -ss dôse

-z chôse

*hoôz who is who's = of whom whose

-z grandiôse

*loôze lose

noun, adjective -s, verb -z clôse

-z nôse

-z choôse

*lûce loôse

-z pôse

-z oppôse

-z expôse

can have French accent: exposé *expôzây expôsè

-z rôse

morôse

-z cómatôse

ápse

lápse

noun rêlapse

verb relápse

collápse

trâipse

eclípse

ellípse

cop cóps = wood cópse

hëarse

cf. revërse: rehëarse

-z pàrse

fàrce rhymes with spàrse

*persây për sè

dispërse

tërse

vërse

avërse

ádverse

rehëarse rhymes with revërse

gŏrse

voice hŏarse = animal hŏrse

wörse

cürse

nürse

bŏurse

vulgar cŏarse = run cŏurse

dispërse rhymes with pürse

or ámp- ímpasse

crevásse

póssê

lacrósse

animal moôse = eat moûsse

t can be silent: tsétsê or tsêtsê

verb -z, noun -ss ûse

verb -z, noun -ss abûse

no! -z refûse

rubbish -ss réfuse

-z mûse

amûse

liquid oôze = River Oûse

-ss dòuse

noun -ss, verb -z hòuse

-ss lòuse

-z blòuse

-ss mòuse

-ss spòuse

cf. -ss Ròuse = Ròwse persons: -z ròuse

-ss gròuse

cf. Drûze: -z rûse

perûse

-z ròuse rhymes with bròwse

-îze ánalyse

-îze páralyse

-ət in nouns and adjectives: -ate

in verbs (all are shown with accent below): -âte

lure bâit = anger, breath bâte

debâte

rêbâte

-âte verb, -ət noun prédicate

índicâte

víndicâte

certíficate

fábricâte

súffocâte

sedâte

BrE -ət, AmE -âte: cándidate

fâte

also used as suffix for name of scandal, as in Wåtergâte: gâte

Reîgâte

frígate

Hárrogâte

súrrogate

Màrgâte

Wåtergâte

Rámsgâte

hâte

-sh(ì)âte apprêciate

-sh(ì)âte verb, -sh(ì)ət adjective assôciate

-sh(ì)âte dissôciâte

mêdiâte

immêdiate

verb affíliâte

noun -ət affíliate

defôliâte

inêbriâte

excóriâte

-sh(ì)âte differéntiâte

-sh(ì)âte negôtiâte

lâte

-îəlâyt annîhilate

vácillâte

óscillâte

plâte

témplâte

cóntemplâte

-âte verb, -ət adjective artículate

régulâte

mâte

-ít or -ət clîmate

-âte verb, -ət noun éstimate

guésstimate

-âte verb, -ət adjective appróximate

définite *définate

incríminâte

indiscríminate

cúlminate

fùlminate

elíminâte makes a minimal pair with illûminâte

ornâte

person Spèight = rush spâte

(cf. désperate) -âte verb, -ət adjective séparate

-rət dísparate

-âte verb, -ət adjective delíberate

cf. ônerous: exónerâte

cô-óperâte

(cf. séparate) -rət désperate

émigrâte

ímmigrâte

irâte

Émirate

pîrate

-âte verb, -ət adjective eláborate

corróborâte

cǒrporate

máj- mágistrâte

démonstrâte

rémonstrâte

-âte verb, -ət noun cûrate

-âte verb, -ət adjective precípitate

ánnotâte

áctivâte

effête

*mashétty machétê

complête

Pête

Crête

cóncrete

discrêet = díscrête

éxtradîte

indîct *indîte

-lîte

*sôshalîte sôcialîte

elìte

polîte

nîght *nîte

gráníte

ignîte

fînîte

*définət définite

*ínfinət ínfinite

tonîght *tonîte

unîte

cf. ín spîte of: despîte

césspít rhymes with AmE réspíte; BrE réspîte

hýpocríte

AmE -or-; BrE fâvouríte

sîght = sîte

sweêt = suìte

invîte

Trótskyîte

can be written 'Brontë': Bróntê

ánecdote

ántidote

môte

nôte

vôte

peyôtê

fŏrtè

càste

hâste

châste

usually stressed -ét -étte

oô- oubliétte

serviétte

diskétte

matress pállet = paint pálette

cf. hámlet: *ómlet ómelette

kitchenétte

pipétte

tríbûte

cóntríbûte

dístríbûte

noun áttribûte

verb attríbute

records Mínít = time mínute

mŷ neŵt = small minûte

repûte

compûte

cf. ínput: impûte

bŷte

nêophŷte

ácolŷte

often silent -ue

not -que: bàrbecûe

-skyoô réscûe

not -que: Fŏrtescûe

miscûe

dûe

fóndûe

prompt cûe = line queûe

âgûe

*lêag lêague

*cólêeg cóllêague

persons Hâig = Hâigh = city, person Hâgue

*plâig plâgue

*Pràg Pràgue

Móntagû = Móntagûe

-g vâgue

*sâygwây sèguè

-êeg noun íntrigue

-êeg verb intrìgue

-êeg fatìgue

-áng harángue

*meráng meringue

*túng tòngue

-góg: all these words may, and in most cases must lose the final -ue in American English -gógue

-óg sýnagógue

Lôgue

-óg dîalógue

-óg cátalógue

-ôg vôgue

àrgûe

blow bleŵ = colour blûe

clûe

influenza flû = chimney flûe

glûe

ménu rhymes with vénue

cf. síneŵ: ávenûe

révenûe

final que is -k (many words end like this, but not bàrbecûe) -que

-āk plāque

-âik opâque

*Môzám-bêek Mozambìque

*yû- unìque

look pêek = top pêak = annoy pìque

reálpolitìk rhymes with critìque

boutìque

-ésk burlésque

-ésk Pinterésque

-ésk picturésque

-ésk grôtesque

-ósk mósque

minimal pair: cf. brísk: -oòsk brùsque

Susan Sûe = law sûe

*insyû ensûe

-syû pursûe

*íshû íssue

*tíshû tíssue

câve

Dâve

reliêve rhymes with lêave

gâve

*háv: only 'inelegant' words like abbreviations can end in -áv (láv, sátnav), so an e is added to háve

behâve

cónclâve

pâve

râve

crâve

serious, dead grâve

accent gràve

sw- suàve

êve

slêeve

achìêve

belìêve

relìêve

grìêve

síeve

sémibrêve

*ív, when not shown otherwise: -íve

côërcíve

dîve

éndíve

recêive

concêive

fîve

cf. jîve dance: hard g in take gíve

hîve

-k- àrchîve

verb líve

adjective lîve

alîve

Clîve

rê-líve

ólíve

drîve

derîve

thrîve

arrîve

contrîve

strîve

mostly -ssív -síve

-ssív or -zív abrâsíve

-ssív or -zív persuâsíve

adhêsíve

decîsíve

(some AmE *devíssíve) devîsíve

defénsíve

offénsíve

expénsíve

inténsive

posséssíve

míssíve

permíssíve

dismíssíve

crêâtíve

tålkatíve

cf. defínitive: nâtíve

words which have secondary stressed AmE -âtíve, two syllables after the main stress: AmE imáginâtíve, BrE a as schwa: imáginatíve

derívatíve

láxative

áctíve

deféctíve

objéctíve

subjéctíve

ádjectíve

corréctíve

detéctíve

invéctíve

explêtíve

cf. nâtive: defínitive

sénsitíve

repétitíve

môtíve

-súmptíve

revîve

válve

délve

shélve

words that end in -olve may have either -ólve or -ôlve

solve

may be -z- dissolve

devolve

revolve

involve

abòve

bird dòve

(BrE is regular dîved) AmE dive dôve

Gôve

England Hôve = heave hôve

shòve

lòve

glòve

cf. *môve mauve: *moôve move

groôve

rôve

grôve

shrôve = Shrôve

*proôve prove

stôve

trôve

strôve

càrve

nërve

sërve

*prizërv presërve

vërve

cürve

*fôve fauve

cf. *moôv move: *môve mauve

Î've

wê've

yoû've

thèy've

Zimbàbwè

me yoû = sheep eŵe

lëarner and lôw = Lërner and Lôewe

Lilóngwè

AmE áx: BrE áxe

death dîe = colour dŷe

me Î = sight eŷe

above skŷ = island Skŷe

rŷe

pig, eye stŷ = eye stŷe

dâys = dâze

plêase and frêeze rhyme with slêaze

period phâse = confuse fâze

gâys = gâze

Hâyes = hâze

Mâys = crop mâize = lost mâze

Krâys = crâze

ádze

whêeze

free frêes = cold frêeze

squêeze

trapêze

most words in -îse can also be spelt -îze; all exceptions are listed under -îse: -îze

never -ise sêize

apart prîse = present prîze

never -ise sîze

never -ise capsîze

dôze

búlldoze

brónze

Drûze

-îze ánalŷse = ánalŷze

-îze páralŷse = páralŷze