Adrenal gland/Related Articles
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- Stress (physiology) : Pathological process resulting from the reaction of the body to external forces and conditions that tend to disturb the organism's homeostasis.
- Catecholamines : A family of neurotransmitters and hormones, chemically ortho-dihydroxyphenylalkylamines derived from tyrosine, with important members including epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine
- Epinephrine : A hormone (adrenalin) adrenergic systems-stimulator used in asthma and cardiac failure.
- Norepinephrine : Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.
- Cortisteroids : Add brief definition or description
- Glucocorticoid : Corticosteroids that affect carbohydrate metabolism, inhibit adrenocorticotropic hormone secretion, and are anti-inflammatory.
- Mineralocorticoid : Add brief definition or description
- Cortisol : Naturally-occurring glucocorticoid hormone which reduces inflammation.
- Corticosterone : Add brief definition or description
- Addison's disease : Add brief definition or description
- Adrenal insufficiency : Adrenocortical insufficiency caused by disease, suppression by drugs, destruction, or surgical removal of the adrenal cortices.
- Cushing's disease : Add brief definition or description
- Adrenergic agent : Drugs that act on adrenergic receptors or affect the life cycle of adrenergic transmitters.
- Adrenergic beta-agonist : Class of drugs used to treat asthma and other pulmonary disease states.
- Adrenergic beta-antagonist : Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety.
- Adrenergic uptake inhibitor : Drug which acts as a reuptake inhibitor for the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and epinephrine by blocking the action of the norepinephrine transporter.
- Adrenergic receptor : Cell-surface proteins that bind epinephrine and/or norepinephrine with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes. The two major classes of adrenergic receptors, alpha and beta, were originally discriminated based on their cellular actions but now are distinguished by their relative affinity for characteristic synthetic ligands.