24th United States Congress

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United States Capitol

The Twenty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1835 to March 3, 1837, during the last two years of the second administration of U.S. President Andrew Jackson.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Fifth Census of the United States in 1830. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Dates of sessions

March 4, 1835 - March 3, 1837

  • First session: December 7, 1835 - July 4, 1836.
  • Second session: December 5, 1836 - March 3, 1837.
  • Previous congress: 23rd Congress
  • Next congress: 25th Congress

Party summary

Arkansas and Michigan were newly admitted to the Union and first represented as states in this Congress.

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 52

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 242

Leadership

Senate
House of Representatives

Major events

Events of 1835, 1836 & 1837

Major legislation

List of United States federal legislation in the 24th Congress

Membership highlights by chamber

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are |Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1838; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1840; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1836.

Alabama
Arkansas
Connecticut
Delaware
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Mississippi
Missouri
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Vermont
Virginia

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

Alabama
Arkansas
Connecticut [1]
Delaware
Georgia [2]
Illinois
Indiana
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland [3]
Massachusetts
Michigan
Mississippi [4]
Missouri [5]
New Hampshire [6]
New Jersey [7]
New York [8]
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania [9]
Rhode Island [10]
South Carolina
Tennessee
Vermont
Virginia

Delegates

Arkansas Territory
Florida Territory
Michigan Territory
Wisconsin Territory

Membership detail by state

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are [Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1838; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1840; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1836.

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

The list below is arranged by state, then by chamber. Senators are shown in order of seniority, House members in district order.

Alabama

Senate
House of Representatives (5 seats)

Arkansas

Senate
House of Representatives (1 seat)

Connecticut

Senate
House of Representatives (6 seats) [11]

Delaware

Senate
House of Representatives

Georgia

Senate
House of Representatives (9 seats) [12]

Illinois

Senate
House of Representatives (3 seats)

Indiana

Senate
House of Representatives (7 seats)

Kentucky

Senate
House of Representatives (13 seats)

Louisiana

Senate
House of Representatives (3 seats)

Maine

Senate
House of Representatives (8 seats)

Maryland

Senate
House of Representatives (8 seats) [13]

Massachusetts

Senate
House of Representatives (12 seats)

Michigan

Senate
House of Representatives (1 seat)

Mississippi

Senate
House of Representatives (2 seats) [14]

Missouri

Senate
House of Representatives (2 seats) [15]

New Hampshire

Senate
House of Representatives (5 seats) [16]

New Jersey

Senate
House of Representatives (6 seats) [17]

New York

Senate
House of Representatives (40 seats) [18]

North Carolina

Senate
House of Representatives (13 seats)

Ohio

Senate
House of Representatives (19 seats)

Pennsylvania

Senate
House of Representatives (28 seats) [19]

Rhode Island

Senate
House of Representatives (2 seats) [20]

South Carolina

Senate
House of Representatives (9 seats)

Tennessee

Senate
House of Representatives (13 seats)

Vermont

Senate
House of Representatives (5 seats)

Virginia

Senate
House of Representatives (21 seats)

Delegates

Arkansas Territory
Florida Territory
Michigan Territory
Wisconsin Territory


Membership detail by Chamber/Party

The list below is arranged by chamber, then by political party. Members are shown in alphabetical order.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress.

Democratic
A-F
G-L
M-R
S-Z
National Republican
A-F
G-L
M-R
S-Z
Nullifier

House of Representatives

Members of the House of Representatives were elected by popular vote, variously to single member districts or at-large.

Democratic
A-B-C
D-E-F
G-H-I
J-K-L
M-N-O
P-Q-R
S-T-U-V
W-X-Y-Z
National Republican
A-B-C
D-E-F
G-H-I
J-K-L
M-N-O
P-Q-R
S-T-U-V
W-X-Y-Z
Anti-Masonic
A-F
G-O
P-Z
Nullifier
A-F
G-O
P-Z

Membership Changes

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Changes summary

Senate
House of Representatives

Senate

State Outgoing Senator Reason for Change Successor Successor's selection
Arkansas
class 2
vacant Newly admitted state
Arkansas was admitted to the union November 8, 1833.
William S. Fulton
Democratic
seated
September 18, 1836.
Arkansas
class 3
vacant Newly admitted state
Arkansas was admitted to the union November 8, 1833.
Ambrose H. Sevier
Democratic
seated
September 18, 1836.
Connecticut
class 1
Nathan Smith
Republican
Death
Senator Nathan Smith died December 6, 1835.
John M. Niles
Democratic
appointed
December 14, 1835, subsequently elected.
Delaware
class 1
John M. Clayton
Republican
Resignation
Senator John M. Clayton resigned December 29, 1836.
Thomas Clayton
Republican
elected
January 9, 1837.
Delaware
class 2
Arnold Naudain
Republican
Resignation
Senator Arnold Naudain resigned June 16, 1836.
Richard H. Bayard
Republican
elected
June 17, 1836.
Illinois
class 3
Elias K. Kane
Democratic
Death
Senator Elias K. Kane died December 12, 1835.
William L. D. Ewing
Democratic
elected
December 30, 1835.
Louisiana
class 2
Alexander Porter
Republican
Resignation
Senator Alexander Porter resigned January 5, 1837.
Alexander Mouton
Democratic
elected
January 12, 1837.
Louisiana
class 3
vacant Vacancy
Vacancy in class from preceding Congress
Robert C. Nicholas
Democratic
elected
January 13, 1836.
Maine
class 1
Ether Shepley
Democratic
Resignation
Senator Ether Shepley resigned March 3, 1836.
Judah Dana
Democratic
appointed
December 7, 1836.
Maryland
class 3
Robert H. Goldsborough
Republican
Death
Senator Robert H. Goldsborough died October 5, 1836.
John S. Spence
Republican
appointed
December 31, 1836.
Michigan
class 1
vacant Newly admitted state
Michigan was admitted to the union January 26, 1837.
Lucius Lyon
Democratic
seated
January 26, 1837.
Michigan
class 2
vacant Newly admitted state
Michigan was admitted to the union January 26, 1837.
John Norvell
Democratic
seated
January 26, 1837.
New Hampshire
class 3
Isaac Hill
Democratic
Resignation
Senator Isaac Hill resigned May 30, 1836.
John Page
Democratic
appointed
June 8, 1836.
North Carolina
class 3
Willie P. Mangum
Republican
Resignation
Senator Willie P. Mangum resigned November 26, 1836.
Robert Strange
Democratic
elected
December 5, 1836.
Virginia
class 1
John Tyler
Republican
Resignation
Senator John Tyler resigned February 29, 1836.
William C. Rives
Democratic
elected
March 4, 1836.
Virginia
class 2
Benjamin W. Leigh
Republican
Resignation
Senator Benjamin W. Leigh resigned July 4, 1836.
Richard E. Parker
Democratic
elected
December 12, 1836.

House of Representatives

State Outgoing Representative Reason for Change Successor Successor's selection
Arkansas
at large
vacant Newly admitted state
Arkansas was admitted to the union November 8, 1833.
Archibald Yell
Democratic
seated
December 6, 1836.
Connecticut
3rd at large
Andrew T. Judson
Democratic
Resignation
Representative Andrew T. Judson resigned July 4, 1836.
Orrin Holt
Democratic
seated
December 5, 1836.
Connecticut
6th at large
Zalmon Wildman
Democratic
Death
Representative Zalmon Wildman died December 10, 1835.
Thomas T. Whittlesey
Democratic
seated
April 29, 1836.
Georgia
1st at large
John E. Coffee
Democratic
Death
Representative John E. Coffee died September 25, 1835.
William C. Dawson
Republican
seated
December 26, 1836.
Georgia
4th at large
James M. Wayne
Democratic
Resignation
Representative James M. Wayne resigned January 13, 1835.
Jabez Y. Jackson
Democratic
seated
December 7, 1835.
Georgia
6th at large
John W. A. Sanford
Democratic
Resignation
Representative John W. A. Sanford resigned July 25, 1835.
Thomas Glascock
Democratic
seated
December 7, 1835.
Georgia
7th at large
William Schley
Democratic
Resignation
Representative William Schley resigned July 1, 1835.
Jesse F. Cleveland
Democratic
seated
December 7, 1835.
Georgia
8th at large
James C. Terrell
Democratic
Resignation
Representative James C. Terrell resigned July 8, 1835.
Samuel McKean
Democratic
seated
December 7, 1835
Georgia
9th at large
George W. B. Towns
Democratic
Resignation
Representative George W. B. Towns resigned September 1, 1836.
Julius C. Alford]]
Republican
seated
January 31, 1837.
Indiana
6th
George L. Kinnard
Democratic
Death
Representative George L. Kinnard died November 26, 1836.
William Herod
Republican
seated
January 25, 1837.
Michigan
at large
vacant Newly admitted state
Michigan was admitted to the union January 26, 1837.
Isaac E. Crary
Democratic
seated
January 27, 1837.
Mississippi
2nd at large
David Dickson
Republican
Death
Representative David Dickson died in 1836.
Samuel J. Gholson
Democratic
seated
January 7, 1837.
New Jersey
1st at large
Philemon Dickerson
Democratic
Resignation
Representative Philemon Dickerson resigned November 3, 1836.
William Chetwood
Republican
seated
December 5, 1836.
New York
3rd [21]
Campbell P. White
Democratic
Resignation
Representative Campbell P. White resigned before Congress assembled.
Gideon Lee
Democratic
seated
December 7, 1835.
New York
17th [22]
Samuel Beardsley
Democratic
Resignation
Representative Samuel Beardsley resigned March 29, 1836.
Rutger B. Miller
Democratic
seated
December 5, 1836.
New York
30th
Philo C. Fuller
Republican
Resignation
Representative Philo C. Fuller resigned September 2, 1836.
John Young
Republican
seated
December 6, 1836.
North Carolina
12th
James Graham
Republican
Contested election
Representative James Graham served until March 29, 1836, when seat declared vacant.
James Graham
Republican
re-seated
December 5, 1836.
Pennsylvania
13th
Jesse Miller
Democratic
Resignation
Representative Jesse Miller resigned October 30, 1836.
James Black
Democratic
seated
December 5, 1836.
Pennsylvania
24th
John Banks
Anti-Masonic
Resignation
Representative John Banks resigned in 1836.
John J. Pearson
Republican
seated
December 5, 1836.
South Carolina
4th
James H. Hammond
Nullifier
Resignation
Representative James H. Hammond resigned February 26, 1836.
Franklin H. Elmore
Nullifier
seated
December 19, 1836.
South Carolina
6th
Warren R. Davis
Nullifier
Death
Representative Warren R. Davis died before Congress assembled.
John Davis
Republican
not filled in this Congress
South Carolina
8th
Richard I. Manning
Democratic
Death
Representative Warren R. Davis died May 1, 1836.
John P. Richardson
Democratic
seated
December 19, 1836.
Virginia
2nd
John Y. Mason
Democratic
Resignation
Representative John Y. Mason resigned January 11, 1837.
vacant not filled in this Congress

Officers

Senate
House of Representatives

Notes

  1. All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  2. All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  3. The 4th district was a plural district with two representatives.
  4. Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  5. Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  6. All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  7. All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  8. There were four plural districts, the 8th, 17th, 22nd & 23rd had two representatives each, the 3rd had four representatives.
  9. There were two plural districts, the 2nd had two representatives, the 4th had three representatives.
  10. Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  11. All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  12. All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  13. The 4th district was a plural district with two representatives.
  14. Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  15. Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  16. All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  17. All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  18. There were four plural districts, the 8th, 17th, 22nd & 23rd had two representatives each, the 3rd had four representatives.
  19. There were two plural districts, the 2nd had two representatives, the 4th had three representatives.
  20. Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  21. This was a plural district with 4 representatives.
  22. This was a plural district with 2 representatives.