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Sphinx [r]: From Greek mythology, a female monster who posed a tough riddle to the citizens of Thebes, and when they answered incorrectly, she would eat her victims. But Oedipus solved the riddle, and the Sphinx committed suicide, according to Elizabeth Vandiver, Classics scholar and authority on Greek mythology and Greek tragedy including the Iliad, Odyssey, Aeneid, Homer, and Virgil. This definition is based on her course Classical Mythology from The Teaching Company.