Spanish missions in California/Gallery
(PD) Drawing: A.B. Dodge
Gaspar de Portolà sights San Francisco Bay, November 4, 1769.
(PD) Drawing: Alexander Harmer
The Ship! The Ship! California is saved! Father Serra rejoices at the sight of the packet ship San Antonio entering San Diego Bay on March 19, 1770 with desperately-needed food and supplies. The San Carlos rests at anchor just offshore.
(PD) Painting: Louis Choris
The Ohlone, Coast Miwok, and Bay Miwok all utilized utilized tule in the construction of boats for use in the San Francisco Bay estuary. Northern groups of Chumash also used tule to build reed fishing canoes.
(PD) Photo: Charles C. Pierce
The San Antonio de Pala Asistencia (or "Pala Mission" as it is known today) circa 1900. Pala is architecturally unique among all of the Franciscan missions in that it boasts the only completely freestanding campanile, or "bell tower," in all of Alta California. It is also the only outpost that has ministered without interruption to the Mission Indians for whom it was originally built since its inception, and is the only "sub-mission" still intact.
(CC) Photo: Robert A. Estremo
Stone "skull and crossbone" carvings denote the cemetery entrance at Mission Santa Barbara. Actual skulls and bones were long used to mark the entrances to Spanish cemeteries (campo santos). The practice, dating back many centuries, led to the symbol eventually becoming associated with the concept of death.
(PD) Photo: Joe Radigan MACM / United States Navy
Between 1944 and 1945, twenty-seven Mission Buenaventura-class fleet oilers were built (two additional vessels were converted to distilling ships after their keels had been laid). Many of the ships, such as the USNS Mission Capistrano (T-AO-112) shown above, served with the United States Navy during World War II and on into the Cold War.
Notes and references
- Engelhardt 1920, pp. 35-37
- Jones and Klar, 307
- Carillo, p. 11
- Young, p. 18
- Fleet Oiler (AO) Photo Index