Receiver operating characteristic curve
In statistics and diagnostic tests, the receiver operating characteristic curve, also called ROC curve, is a "graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli."
Area under the ROC curve
The area under the ROC curve, called the AUC, AROC, c statistic, or c-index may measure discriminatory ability of a test of model. The c-index varies from 0 to 1 and a result of 0.5 indicates that the diagnostic test does not add to guessing. If the diagnostic test gives ratings that are continuous, the AUC is the same as the Wilcoxon test of ranks (also called the Mann–Whitney U test). Accordingly, the AROC is the probability that the diagnostic test will correctly order the likelihood of disease among two patients randomly selected from a test population.
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