Potassium is a chemical element, typically found as a solid in its elemental form. It has the chemical symbol K (from the Latin kalium), atomic number (number of protons) Z = 19, and a standard atomic weight of 39.0983 g/mol.
Potassium is considered to be a member of the "alkali metal" class of element. At a pressure of 101.325 kPa, it has a boiling point of 769 °C, and a melting point of 65.5 °C. It is a silvery-white, reactive metal. Potassium reacts violently with water, producing hydrogen. With a density of 0.862 g/cc, potassium is less dense than water.
Potassium in its cation form (K+) performs many different functions within the human body. K+ is essential for cellular function and maintaining homeostasis through action potentials.
Potassium is a vital ion in cellular communication via the action potential.