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- See also changes related to Phytotherapy, or pages that link to Phytotherapy or to this page or whose text .
- Botany : The study of plants, algae and fungi (mycology).
- Complementary and alternative medicine : Set of therapies and treatments not considered mainstream or scientific.
- Healing arts : The health sciences, forms of complementary and alternative medicine, and traditional practices aimed at curing disease, healing injury and promoting wellness.
- Integrative medicine : Organized health care that involves willing cooperation between mainstream and complementary medicine
- Biologically based health practices : Methods in conventional medicine, complementary and alternative medicine and traditional medicine that share the characteristic that substances used in the practice come from plants or animals
- Arctium lappa : Most common species of burdock; gobo in Japanese cuisine; used in herbal medicine
- Digitalis purpurea : Foxglove plant, the source of naturally occurring digitalis glycosides; also a highly ornamental plant that is quite poisonous
- Hypericum : Also known as St. John's Wort, an herbal medicine with some clinical studies showing activity, principally in depression
- Opium : A natural resin that can be extracted from the plant Papapeverum somniferum, which can be used to produced both medicinals and recreational drugs
- Pelargonium sidoides : Medicinal plant native to South Africa, whose derivative in inexpensive cold and flu medicines of various brands have unproven efficacy. (Umckaloabo)
- Rheum palmatum : A plant of the rhubarb family, containing a significant number of chemicals with biological activity in mammals; used in Native American and traditional Chinese medicine
- Rumex acetosella : Perennial herb, sometimes used as a salad green, and in herbal medicine whose leaves may contain enough oxalic acid to be toxic when eaten in large quantities. (Sheep sorrel)
- Quinine : Add brief definition or description
- Saw palmetto : Add brief definition or description
- Ulmus fulva : Add brief definition or description (Slippery elm)
- Valerian : A plant used in phytotherapy for anxiety and insomnia, for which randomized controlled trials have variously shown efficacy or inconclusive results; not used in conventional medicine in the U.S.
- Bach flower therapy : A form of complementary medicine that uses remedies based on extracts from flowers, to improve what it terms vibrations, a class of biofields in the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine taxonomy
- Digitalis glycosides : A family of alkaloids that are either plant extracts from Digitalis purpurea or synthetic analogues, which improve the pumping ability of the heart, although have a narrow therapeutic index before they become toxic
- Digoxin : The most commonly used synthetic derivative of digitalis glycosides, used clinically to improve the pumping action of the heart
- Opioid analgesic : Synthetic narcotic that has opiate-like activities, which induces analgesia by mimicking endogenous opioids, at opioid receptors in the brain.