Neuroendocrinology/Related Articles

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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Neuroendocrinology.
See also changes related to Neuroendocrinology, or pages that link to Neuroendocrinology or to this page or whose text contains "Neuroendocrinology".

Pituitary hormones regulated by neuroendocrine neurons

Sites of neuroendocrine neurons in the brain

  • Hypothalamus [r]: A part of the mammalian brain located below the thalamus, forming the major portion of the ventral region of the diencephalon. [e]
  • Supraoptic nucleus [r]: An aggregation in the hypothalamus of magnocellular neurosecretory neurones that project to the posterior pituitary gland, and which secrete the hormones oxytocin and vasopressin [e]
  • Paraventricular nucleus [r]: Aggregation of neurons in the hypothalamus with important roles in neurendocrine regulation. [e]
  • Arcuate nucleus [r]: An aggregation of neurons in the mediobasal hypothalamus with important roles in appetite regulation and in the control of growth hormone secretion and prolactin secretion. [e]
  • Periventricular nucleus [r]: Aggregation of neurones aligned parallel to the lateral walls of the third ventricle, including the neuroendocrine somatostatin neurones. [e]
  • Median eminence [r]: Specialised region at the base of the brain containing the hypothalamo-hypophysial portal vessels and neuroendocrine nerve endings that release their products into them. [e]
  • Posterior pituitary [r]: Gland that contains nerve endings of hypothalamic neuroendocrine neurons that secrete the hormones oxytocin and vasopressin [e]

  • Anterior pituitary [r]: Endocrine gland that secretes hormones to regulate stress, growth, metabolism and reproduction. [e]
  • Magnocellular neurosecretory cell [r]: Large neuroendocrine neuron in the supraoptic nucleus and paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus that projects to the posterior pituitary gland. [e]

Neuroendocrine functions