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Lexicon: Complete set of vocabulary units for a language, including information on their structural specifications (semantic, morphological, syntactic and phonological properties, plus how they inter-relate); also, the mental representation of this lexical knowledge and, in casual usage, a synonym for vocabulary. The word is also common in the titles of dictionaries of Arabic, Aramaic/Syriac, ancient Greek and Hebrew. [e]

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  • Cranberry word [r]: or 'fossilized term', used in morphology to refer to exceptional compound words not built from productive rules, e.g. cranberry (no such thing as *cran-). [e]
  • Dictionary [r]: Reference work containing words classed alphabetically and giving information about spelling, etymology and usage. [e]
  • Esperanto [r]: Artificial language created by L.L. Zamenhof in the late 19th century. [e]
  • Kanji [r]: (漢字) Chinese-derived characters used to write some elements of the Japanese language. [e]
  • Language attrition [r]: The loss of a first or second language or a portion of that language by individuals. [e]
  • Lexis [r]: Total bank of words and phrases of a particular language, the artifact of which is known as a lexicon. [e]
  • Macedonian language [r]: A language in the Eastern group of South Slavic languages and the official language of the Republic of Macedonia. [e]
  • Minimal pair [r]: Two words differing by only one unit of sound, or phoneme. [e]
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  • Noam Chomsky [r]: American linguist, MIT professor and left-wing political activist. [e]
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