Kandahar Province is among the largest and most important in Afghanistan. Its capital, Kandahar, was the stronghold of the Taliban. Taliban describing themselves as "Kandahari" actually might be from Kandahar, Uruzgan, or Helmand provinces.
It forms the southeast corner of the country, and a highway runs from Kandahar City to the Spin Boldak-Chaman border crossing with Pakistan, and then to Quetta.
Helmand Province is its western border.
In Kandahar province, the Arghandab River flows south from the Afghan central mountains, passing just north of Kandahar City. This river, and its tributaries, runs westward and joins the Helmand River south of Lashkar Gah. South of Kandahar and the Arghandab is the Registan Desert.
The agricultural areas, irrigated by the Arghandab, are the Arghandab Valley, northern Panjwaii, Zhari and Maywand.
Military and government
- Governor: Tooryalai Wesa
- Chief of police: Matiullah Qateh
The Afghan National Army's 205th Corps is in Kandahar city, along with International Security Assistance Force Regional Command South.