Hendra virus

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Hendra virus, first identified in Australia in 1999, is a zoonotic virus that can cause disease in humans and animals.[1] it is an overlap agent under the Select Agent Program due to high lethality and a wide range of susceptible hosts, and is in CDC Bioterrorism Agents-Disease list Category C.

Several zoonotic and vectorborne viral diseases have emerged, since the mid-1990s, in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific, the first being Hendra virus {HeV), formerly called equine morbillivirus.[2]

Hendra and Nipah viruses have been placed into a new genus, Henipavirus.[3] HeV was the causative agent of an explosive outbreak of a respiratory disease that resulted in the deaths of 14 horses and one human in a 2-week period in September 1994 in Hendra, a suburb of Brisbane, Australia (19). The virus was also responsible for a fatal human case of encephalitis in 1995, the infection almost certainly being acquired during necropsy of two horses that had died as a result of HeV infection 13 months previously


  1. World Health Organization (07 April 1999), 1999 - Hendra-like virus in Malaysia and Singapore
  2. Mackenzie JS, Chua KB, Ua PW, et al. (2001 Jun), "Emerging viral diseases of Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific", Emerg Infect Dis 7(3 Suppl): 497-505
  3. Wang LF et al. (November 2000), "The Exceptionally Large Genome of Hendra Virus: Support for Creation of a New Genus within the Family Paramyxoviridae", Journal of Virology 74 (21): 9972-9979