Cognitive therapy

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In psychology and psychiatry, cognitive therapy is "a direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior."[1] It is also commonly called cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).

It is the standard of psychotherapeutic care for a number of conditions, including post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. Many conditions benefit from combined cognitive psychotherapy and psychopharmacologic drug treatment.

Adjunct therapy

Cognitive therapy among religious patients may be enhanced by adding pastoral care.[2][3]


Still based on the idea of response to situations, but using less verbal interventions such as visual or tactile stimuli, are investigational but promising methods such as eye motion desensitization reprocessing (EMDR) and emotional freedom technique.


  1. Anonymous (2021), Cognitive therapy (English). Medical Subject Headings. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  2. Propst LR, Ostrom R, Watkins P, Dean T, Mashburn D (1992). "Comparative efficacy of religious and nonreligious cognitive-behavioral therapy for the treatment of clinical depression in religious individuals.". J Consult Clin Psychol 60 (1): 94-103. DOI:10.1037/0022-006X.60.1.94. PMID 1556292. Research Blogging.
  3. Bay PS, Beckman D, Trippi J, Gunderman R, Terry C (2008). "The effect of pastoral care services on anxiety, depression, hope, religious coping, and religious problem solving styles: a randomized controlled study.". J Relig Health 47 (1): 57-69. DOI:10.1007/s10943-007-9131-4. PMID 19105001. Research Blogging.