The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, or pages that link to The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order or to this page or whose text .
- Civilization : "The highest cultural grouping and the broadest level of cultural identity short of that which distinguishes humans from other species" (Samuel Huntington)
- Culture (social) : UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (2002) defined culture as "... the set of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features of a society or a social group..." that "encompasses, in addition to art and literature, lifestyles, ways of living together, value systems, traditions and beliefs".
- Futures studies : The discipline of predicting futures, which is not limited to extrapolating from present trends or to a single possible future
- Grand strategy : The application of all national means of affecting the actions of other nations and non-national actors; specifically includes but is not restricted to military means
- Samuel Huntington : An American political scientist, futurist and sociologist (1927-2008), with numerous academic and government posts; well known for his "clash of civilizations" theories and analysis of the motivations of soldiers
- Nationalism : Strong belief that the interests of a particular nation-state are of primary importance.
- Tribalism : A group identity that regards either other tribal groups, or modernism, or popular culture, as a hostile other
- Core state : Within a civilization, one or more nations that provide a dominant cultural influence
- Lone country : Nations isolated, from larger civilizations, by language, religion, or other factors, such as Haiti, Ethiopia and Japan; if they define a civilization, such as Japan, they are also core states
- Cleft country : A nation with sufficiently large and distinct cultural groupings as to have separated (e.g., Czechoslovakia or Yugoslavia), semi-separated (e.g., Sudan, Tanzania), or have a threat of separatism (e.g., Canada)
- Torn country : Countries with predominant cultures with leaders that want to shift it into a different one, such as Peter the Great in Russia or Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in Turkey.
- Fault line conflicts : A term introduced by Samuel Huntington, micro-level clashes between groups from different civilizations within the same cleft country, such as the former Yugoslavia
- Core state conflicts : As defined by Samuel Huntington, conflict between the major states of different civilizations, such as the Cold War
- Modernization : Add brief definition or description
- Westernization : The process by which Western cultural values, including religion and politics, are introduced into a society undergoing technological modernization
- Globalization : The interaction of peoples, cultures, and businesses worldwide, which tend to overcome traditional national and cultural boundaries
- Thomas P.M. Barnett : Add brief definition or description
- The Pentagon's New Map : A book on grand strategy and world development by Thomas P. M. Barnett, which postulates that world conflict is chiefly due to lack of "connectedness" of nations to the information-intensive core of nations; he also proposes a partnership, in peace enforcement, between the high-technology "takedown" function and the "nation-building" role
- Francis Fukuyama : Professor at the School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, author and government adviser on global development and foreign policy; in and out of neoconservatism; adjunct fellow, Hudson Institute; director, National Endowment for Democracy, New America Foundation
- The End of History and the Last Man : An argument, by Francis Fukuyama, that universal history, through the forces of "the logic of modern science" and the "struggle for recognition" make liberal democracy a natural end state of historical development.
- Isothymia : As defined by Francis Fukuyama, "the desire to be recognized as the equal of other people", or dignity; a refinement of Plato's definition of thymos
- Megalothymia : A term coined by Francis Fukuyama, building on Plato's concept of the spiritual part of the soul, which drives tyrannical ambition; the compulsion to be superior to others
- Benjamin Barnett : Add brief definition or description
- Jihad vs. McWorld : A book by Benjamin Barber, first published in 1995, examining the interaction of globalization and consumerism with religious fundamentalism and tribalism; McDonald's, MTV, and Macintosh are used as icons for consumerism