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Battery (artillery)

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In artillery organizations, the basic unit of operations (e.g., firing, target acquisition) that make up battalions is called a battery. In modern militaries, a typical firing battery has 6 or 8 howitzers or multiple rocket launchers. Artillery battalions usually have a headquarters battery, and may have other batteries that support firing units.

Artillery batteries equipped with guided missiles are apt to have a lesser number of launchers in a firing battery. Air defense artillery battalions will usually have one or more radar batteries.

Historical artillery units were sometimes organized as independent batteries, and the term "grand battery" was used for several batteries operating together.