NOTICE: Citizendium is still being set up on its newer server, treat as a beta for now; please see here for more.
Citizendium - a community developing a quality comprehensive compendium of knowledge, online and free. Click here to join and contribute—free
CZ thanks our previous donors. Donate here. Treasurer's Financial Report -- Thanks to our content contributors. --

Wake Island

From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is a stub and thus not approved.
Main Article
Talk
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
 
This editable Main Article is under development and not meant to be cited; by editing it you can help to improve it towards a future approved, citable version. These unapproved articles are subject to a disclaimer.

Wake Island is a U.S. possession, claimed by the Republic of the Marshall Islands. It is located in the North Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to the Northern Mariana Islands. It is actually an atoll; Wake proper is one of three islands, along with Peale and Wilkes. It has no native population, although there is a small military detachment, assessing damage and future status after a major typhoon in 2005. The atoll has 6.5 sq km of land area; there are no significant resources other than its location.

As tensions rose in the Pacific prior to the Second World War, the U.S. built a base there in 1940-1941, which was one of the first Japanese targets in December 1941, in the First Battle of Wake Island. The U.S. garrison repulsed the initial attack on 11 December, and a relief expedition was sent but did not react in time to prevent the surrender on 23 December.

After the war, it was used as a refueling and emergency landing site. At present, it is managed by the United States Air Force and United States Department of the Interior. There have been technical facilities to support missile testing.