The Enlightenment/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to The Enlightenment, or pages that link to The Enlightenment or to this page or whose text .
- History : Study of past human events based on evidence such as written documents.
- Philosophy : The study of the meaning and justification of beliefs about the most general, or universal, aspects of things.
- Scottish Enlightenment : A period in 18th century Scotland characterized by a great outpouring of intellectual and scientific accomplishments.
- Augustin-Louis Cauchy : (1789 – 1857) prominent French mathematician, one of the pioneers of rigor in mathematics and complex analysis.
- Benjamin Franklin : 1706-1790, American statesman and scientist, based in Philadelphia.
- Joseph II : (1741–1790), Holy Roman Emperor and ruler of the Hapsburg (Austrian) territories who was the arch-embodiment of the Enlightenment spirit of the later 18th-century reforming monarchs.
- Isaac Newton : (1642–1727) English physicist and mathematician, best known for his elucidation of the universal theory of gravitation and his development of calculus.
- Thomas Paine : (1737-1809) English writer, intellectual and revolutionary whose works were influential during the Enlightenment in the United States and Europe.
- Voltaire : The pen-name of François-Marie Arouet (1694-1778), a French writer and philosopher, who was one of the leading figures of The Enlightenment.
- Atheism : Absence of belief in any god or other supernatural beings; distinct from antitheism, or opposition to religion, and agnosticism, the position that one cannot know whether such beings exist.
- Evangelicalism : A historically recent collection of religious beliefs, practices, and traditions typified by an emphasis on evangelism, and by what adherents call a "personal experience" of conversion.
- Liberalism : Economic and political doctrine advocating free enterprise, free competition and free will.
- Panentheism : The theological position that God is immanent within the Universe, but also transcends it.
- Unitarianism : A theology of God which insists that there is only one divine person, one of the tenets of the Unitarian Universalist Association