Clinical practice guidelines by the American Heart Association and the European Society of Cardiology (Lausanne recommendations) address preparticipation screening for cardiovascular abnormalities.
A cohort study of preparticipation cardiovascular screening using the Lausanne recommendation found that "the number of athletes needed to screen to find a single athlete with a potentially lethal cardiovascular disease was 143." A cost-benefit analysis suggests the electrocardiogram would save 2 life years per 1000 athletes screened and that this would be cost-effective as compared to other medical interventions.
Sports injuries can come from both specific events and cumulative trauma disorder.
- Brain concussion (acute and cumulative)
- Knee injury
- Neck injury
- Ankle joint injury
- Tennis elbow/lateral humeral epicondylitis
- Shoulder joint tear
- Anonymous (2019), Sports medicine (English). Medical Subject Headings. U.S. National Library of Medicine.
- Maron BJ, Thompson PD, Ackerman MJ, Balady G, Berger S, Cohen D et al. (2007). "Recommendations and considerations related to preparticipation screening for cardiovascular abnormalities in competitive athletes: 2007 update: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism: endorsed by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.". Circulation 115 (12): 1643-455. DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.181423. PMID 17353433. Research Blogging.
- Corrado D, Pelliccia A, Bjørnstad HH, Vanhees L, Biffi A, Borjesson M et al. (2005). "Cardiovascular pre-participation screening of young competitive athletes for prevention of sudden death: proposal for a common European protocol. Consensus Statement of the Study Group of Sport Cardiology of the Working Group of Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology and the Working Group of Myocardial and Pericardial Diseases of the European Society of Cardiology.". Eur Heart J 26 (5): 516-24. DOI:10.1093/eurheartj/ehi108. PMID 15689345. Research Blogging.
- Bessem B, Groot FP, Nieuwland W (2009). "The Lausanne recommendations: a Dutch experience.". Br J Sports Med 43 (9): 708-15. DOI:10.1136/bjsm.2008.056929. PMID 19549617. Research Blogging.
- Cost-Effectiveness of Preparticipation Screening for Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death in Young Athletes. Ann Intern Med 2010