Soyuz TMA-7 was a manned mission to the International Space Station (ISS) conducted by the Russian space agency Roskosmos. The mission launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 01 October 2005, transported ISS crew members to the station, and returned to Earth on 08 April 2006. TMA-7 also transported one "spaceflight participant" to the ISS and returned a Brazilian Flight Engineer to Earth.
|Mission name:||Soyuz TMA-7|
|Launch:||01 October 2005|
|Landing:||08 April 2006|
|Duration:||189d 19h 53m|
28th manned flight to ISS (Flight 11S).
Soyuz TMA-7 was a transport mission for the International Space Station (ISS) Expedition 12 crew. The flight delivered ISS Commander William McArthur and ISS Flight Engineer Valery Tokarev to the station to replace the Expedition 11 crew members. Spaceflight participant Gregory Olsen joined the TMA-7 crew for the ascent and docking with ISS, spent approximately eight days aboard the ISS conducting experiments, then returned to Earth with the outgoing members of Expedition 11 aboard Soyuz TMA-6. McArthur and Tokarev were joined on their return trip to Earth by Flight Engineer Marcos Pontes who launched aboard Soyuz TMA-8 and spent approximately seven days aboard ISS conducting experiments for the Brazilian Space Agency.
- Valery Tokarev (2) - Commander - Russia
- William McArthur (4) - Flight Engineer - U.S.A.
- Gregory Olsen (1) - Spaceflight Participant (ascent only) - U.S.A.
- Marcos Pontes (1) - Flight Engineer (descent only) - Brazil
*Number in parentheses indicates number of spaceflights by each individual prior to and including this mission.
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