From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Scotland, or pages that link to Scotland or to this page or whose text .
- United Kingdom : Constitutional monarchy which includes England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
- Great Britain : The largest part of the United Kingdom, comprising England, Scotland, Wales and islands immediately off their coasts.
- Edinburgh : The capital of Scotland.
- Glasgow : The largest city in Scotland, located on the River Clyde and a great shipbuilding centre during the Industrial Revolution; population about 581,000.
- : A city (2011 pop. 222,793) and commercial port located on the North Sea in north-east Scotland.
- : A seaport (est. 1995 pop. 168,000) situated on the Firth of Tay, an inlet of the North Sea, in Scotland.
- : A educational and tourist center (est 1991 pop 63,000) located at the north end of the Great Glen on the River Ness in northwest Scotland; for a long time, the center of the Scots Highland region.
- : A city (1991 pop. 28,000) located on the River Forth in south-central Scotland; one of the important historical cities of Scotland.
- : That part of present-day Scotland north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault, including the offshore islands.
- : That part of present-day Scotland south and east of the Southern Boundary Fault.
- Central lowlands (Scotland) : Add brief definition or description
- : That area of Scotland which lies between the geologic features of the Highland Boundary Fault and the Southern Upland Fault.
- : A mountain range in the Highlands of north-central Scotland whose southern edge forms the boundary between the Highlands and the Scottish lowlands.
- : A range of hills spread along the border between Scotland and England.
- : A large fault valley in Scotland extending from Moray Firth to Inverness and containing a series of lochs within its extent, including Loch Ness.
- : One of Scotland's most important rivers, flowing from the Southern Uplands into the Atlantic; Glasgow is located along its course.
- : A river in south central Scotland, flowing into the Firth of Forth and then the North Sea; Edinburgh is located along its course.
- Scottish English : All varieties of English spoken in Scotland; may not include Scots where this is identified as a language in its own right.
- Scots language : A West Germanic variety spoken in southern Scotland and parts of Northern Ireland, which has been identified as either a separate language from English or (over-simplistically) a dialect of English, according to various cultural and linguistic perspectives; shares much with English due to a shared linguistic history, but has developed separately for many centuries.
- Scottish Gaelic language : A Goidelic Celtic language spoken in Scotland and Canada.
Politics, government and leaders
- Scottish Parliament : Legislative body of Scotland, having authority over many aspects of Scottish political life including Health and Education; re-created by the Act of Devolution 1997.
- : Scottish national hero (c 1270-1305), a leader in the fight for Scottish independence against Edward I.
- Robert Bruce : Scottish independence fighter (1274-1329); re-established Scottish kingdom by defeating Edward II at Battle of Bannockburn in 1314.
Tartan and shortbread
- Highland games : Festivals held throughout the year and in many countries of the world whose purpose is to celebrate the culture and heritage of Scotland and especially the Scottish Highlands.
- Kilt : A knee-length, skirtlike, traditional Scottish garment, usually worn by men as part of Highland attire.
- : The Scottish Highlands version of a double reed woodwind instrument whose sound is produced by the manipulation of a bag which holds an air reservoir.
- Tartan : A woolen fabric which, in conjunction with the distinctive plaid pattern, is often associated with a particular Scottish clan, and is the working material out of which the traditional Scottish kilt is made.
- Shortbread : A type of cookie made with butter, sugar, and flour.
- Walter Scott : (1771-1832) A prolific Scottish poet and novelist, considered the originater of the genre of historical fiction.
- Robert Burns : The National poet of Scotland (1759-96); writer of Auld Lang Syne.
- : Refers to the years in the early Christian era characterized by direct interaction between the Roman Empire and the people of the current area of Scotland.
- Scottish Wars of Independence : Add brief definition or description
- Battle of Bannockburn : 1314 battle in which outnumbered Scottish forces, led by Robert the Bruce, defeated the English and secured Scottish independence.
- Declaration of Arbroath : Letter sent, by Scottish nobles, to Pope John XXII April 6, 1320 asserting Scotland's right to independence from England.
- : The term used to refer to Scottish - French political ties from the beginning of the Scottish Wars of Independence until the Scottish Reformation.
- Scottish Reformation : Add brief definition or description
- Church of Scotland : The national church of Scotland (Presbyterian), founded in the mid-16th century by John Knox as part of the Scottish Reformation.
- Union of Crowns : Add brief definition or description
- Covenanters : Add brief definition or description
- Glorious Revolution : (1688 - 89) Largely bloodless events which deposed King James VII and II (of Scotland and England), brought William and Mary to the thrones and established the monarchy on a contract basis.
- : An economically disastrous attempt by Scotland in the 1690s to found an overseas colony at Darien, in Central America.
- Treaty of Union (1707) : The Treaty of Union, which led to the Acts of Union, refers to the joint actions of the parliaments of England and Scotland in 1707 which united the two previously independent countries to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
- : Supporters of the deposed Stuart line; raised several rebellions, finally crushed at the Battle of Culloden 1746.
- Battle of Culloden : On April 16, 1746, Hanoverian forces defeated the clans who rallied in support of Charles Edward Stuart, ending the Jacobite rebellions.
- Scottish Enlightenment : A period in 18th century Scotland characterized by a great outpouring of intellectual and scientific accomplishments.
- Red Clydesdale : Add brief definition or description
- Devolution : Process or result of granting (usually political) powers previously held at a higher level to regional or local institutions; e.g. the UK government transferred certain powers to the Scottish Parliament in 1999.
- English language : A West Germanic language widely spoken in the United Kingdom, its territories and dependencies, Commonwealth countries and former colonial outposts of the British Empire; has developed the status of a global language.
- England : The largest and southernmost country in the United Kingdom, and location of the largest city and seat of government, London; population about 51,000,000.
- Wales : A country of the United Kingdom that historically was considered a principality; population about 3,000,000.
- Northern Ireland : Part of the United Kingdom comprising six of the nine counties of the Irish province of Ulster; population about 1,800,000.
- Canada : The world's second-largest country by total area, occupying most of northern North America; officially a bilingual nation, in English and French (population approx. 27 million).
- : Ancient, aboriginal inhabitants of what is now eastern and north-eastern Scotland.
- Golf : Game in which the players attempt, using special clubs, to sink a small, dimpled ball into each of 18 successive holes in the fewest number of strokes.
- Curling : A game, invented in Scotland, which involves two teams of four players who slide a heavy stone towards a target at the opposite end of a long, narrow sheet of ice.
- : An aquatic creature, whose existence is disputed, alleged to inhabit the depths of Loch Ness in Scotland.
- : Early Indo-European people, characterized by a roughly common cultural milieu, who inhabited much of Europe in the millennia bce.