The Pulitzer Prize is any of 21 awards for distinguished journalism, literature, drama or music authored by a U.S. citizen, group of U.S. citizens, or U.S. news organization (for journalism, the winning entry must have been published in the United States; the author(s) may be of any nationality). The Pulitzer Prize Gold Medal is awarded to a news organization in the "Public Service" category.
The prizes were established by media proprietor Joseph Pulitzer (1847-1911) in his will of 1904, which established a board to oversee the prize-giving.
Notable Pulitzer Prize winners include Arthur Miller (1949, Drama), for Death of a Salesman; Gwendolyn Brooks (Poetry, 1950), the first African-American recipient, for Annie Allen; and later U.S. President John F. Kennedy (Biography, 1957), for Profiles in Courage.
The 21 categories are: in journalism Public Service, Breaking News Reporting, Investigative Reporting, Explanatory Reporting, Local Reporting, National Reporting, International Reporting, Feature Writing, Commentary, Criticism, Editorial Writing, Editorial Cartooning, Breaking News Photography, Feature Photography; in letters, drama and music Fiction, Drama, History, Biography or Autobiography, Poetry, General Nonfiction, Music.