From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
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- Antibiotic resistance : The development of resistance to an antibiotic in an organism originally susceptible to it
- Bacterial cell structure : Morphological and genetic features of unicellular prokaryotic organisms characterized by the lack of a membrane-bound nucleus and membrane-bound organelles.
- Bacteria : A major group of single-celled microorganisms.
- Cell (biology) : The basic unit of life, consisting of biochemical networks enclosed by a membrane.
- Disease : A condition of the body in which one or more of its components fail to operate properly, resulting in disability, pain or other forms of suffering, or behavioral aberrations.
- Horizontal gene transfer in prokaryotes : Horizontal gene transfer (HGT; also called lateral gene transfer, LGT) is defined as movement of genes between different species, or across broad taxonomic categories. Prokaryotes are cells, such as bacteria, that do not have a nucleus enclosed by a nuclear membrae. Their DNA is in a region of the cell called the nucleiod, or nucleus-like material.
- Horizontal gene transfer : Transfer of genetic material to a being other than one of the donor's offspring.
- Intelligent design : Claim that fundamental features of the universe and living things are best explained by purposeful causation.
- Microbial cell and population biology : The study of the cell biology of microorganisms, microbial interactions, signaling and evolutionary adaptations, multicellular-microorganisms and communities such as biofilms.
- Phagocytosis : That part of immune response in which defensive cells such as neutrophils and macrophages surround and "digest" foreign particles