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Messier object

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The Messier Catalogue is a list of 110 visually diffuse astronomical objects. The catalogue was compiled by Charles Messier between 1758 and 1782, as a collection of nebulae and star clusters, to distinguish them from comets, for the benefit of comet-hunters.[1] The final catalogue included discoveries made by other observers, especially Pierre Mechain.


list

Messier number NGC or IC number Common name Object type Constellation
M 1 NGC 1952 Crab Nebula Emission nebula Taurus
M 2 NGC 7089 Globular cluster Aquarius
M 3 NGC 5272 Globular cluster Canes Venatici
M 4 NGC 6121 Globular cluster Scorpius
M 5 NGC 5904 Globular cluster Serpens
M 6 NGC 6405 Butterfly Cluster Open cluster Scorpius
M 7 NGC 6475 Open cluster Scorpius
M 8 NGC 6523 Hourglass Nebula, Lagoon Nebula Emission nebula Sagittarius
M 9 NGC 6333 Globular cluster Ophiuchus
M 10 NGC 6254 Globular cluster Ophiuchus
M 11 NGC 6705 Wild Duck Cluster Open cluster Scutum
M 12 NGC 6218 Globular cluster Ophiuchus
M 13 NGC 6205 Great Cluster in Hercules Globular cluster Hercules
M 14 NGC 6402 Globular cluster Ophiuchus
M 15 NGC 7078 Globular cluster Pegasus
M 16 NGC 6611 Eagle Nebula Cluster associated with nebula Serpens
M 17 NGC 6618 Omega Nebula Cluster associated with nebula Sagittarius
M 18 NGC 6613 Open cluster Sagittarius
M 19 NGC 6273 Globular cluster Ophiuchus
M 20 NGC 6514 Trifid Nebula Cluster associated with nebula Sagittarius
M 21 NGC 6531 Open cluster Sagittarius
M 22 NGC 6656 Globular cluster Sagittarius
M 23 NGC 6494 Open cluster Sagittarius
M 24 stellar cloud Sagittarius
M 25 IC 4725 Open cluster Sagittarius
M 26 NGC 6694 Open cluster Scutum
M 27 NGC 6853 Dumbbell Nebula Planetary nebula Vulpecula
M 28 NGC 6626 Globular cluster
M 29 NGC 6913 Open cluster Cygnus
M 30 NGC 7099 Globular cluster Capricornus
M 31 NGC 224 Andromeda Galaxy Galaxy Andromeda
M 32 NGC 221 Galaxy Andromeda
M 33 NGC 598 Triangulum Galaxy Galaxy Triangulum
M 34 NGC 1039 Open cluster Perseus
M 35 NGC 2168 Open cluster Gemini
M 36 NGC 1960 Open cluster Auriga
M 37 NGC 2099 Open cluster Auriga
M 38 NGC 1912 Open cluster Auriga
M 40 NGC 7092
M 41 NGC 2287 Open cluster Canis Major
M 42 NGC 1976 Great Nebula in Orion Emission nebula Orion
M 43 NGC 1982 Emission nebula Orion
M 45 NGC 2632 Beehive Cluster
M 46 NGC 2437 Open cluster Puppis
M 47 NGC 2422 Open cluster Puppis
M 48 NGC 2548 Open cluster Hydra
M 49 NGC 4472 Galaxy Virgo
M 50 NGC 2323 Open cluster Monoceros
M 51 NGC 5194 Whirlpool Galaxy Galaxy Canes Venatici
M 52 NGC 7654 Open cluster Cassiopeia
M 53 NGC 5024 Globular cluster Coma Berenices
M 54 NGC 6715 Globular cluster Sagittarius
M 55 NGC 6809 Globular cluster Sagittarius
M 56 NGC 6779 Globular cluster Lyra
M 57 NGC 6720 Ring Nebula in Lyra Planetary nebula Lyra
M 58 NGC 4579 Galaxy Virgo
M 59 NGC 4621 Galaxy Virgo
M 60 NGC 4649 Galaxy Virgo
M 61 NGC 4303 Galaxy Virgo
M 62 NGC 6266 Globular cluster Ophiuchus
M 63 NGC 5055 Sunflower Galaxy Galaxy Canes Venatici
M 64 NGC 4826 Black-eye Galaxy Galaxy Coma Berenices
M 65 NGC 3623 Galaxy Leo
M 66 NGC 3627 Galaxy Leo
M 67 NGC 2682 Open cluster Cancer
M 68 NGC 4590 Globular cluster Hydra
M 69 NGC 6637 Globular cluster Sagittarius
M 70 NGC 6681 Globular cluster Sagittarius
M 71 NGC 6838 Globular cluster Sagitta
M 72 NGC 6981 Globular cluster Aquarius
M 73 NGC 6994 Open cluster Aquarius
M 74 NGC 628 Galaxy Pisces
M 75 NGC 6864 Globular cluster Sagittarius
M 76 NGC 650 Little Dumbbell Planetary nebula Perseus
M 77 NGC 1068 Galaxy Cetus
M 78 NGC 2068 Emission nebula Orion
M 79 NGC 1904 Globular cluster Lepus
M 80 NGC 6093 Globular cluster Scorpius
M 81 NGC 3031 Bode's Nebulae Galaxy Ursa Major
M 82 NGC 3034 Bode's Nebulae Galaxy Ursa Major
M 83 NGC 5236 Galaxy Hydra
M 84 NGC 4374 Galaxy Virgo
M 85 NGC 4382 Galaxy Coma Berenices
M 86 NGC 4406 Galaxy Virgo
M 87 NGC 4486 Galaxy Virgo
M 88 NGC 4501 Galaxy Coma Berenices
M 89 NGC 4552 Galaxy Virgo
M 90 NGC 4569 Galaxy Virgo
M 91 NGC 4548 Galaxy Coma Berenices
M 92 NGC 6341 Globular cluster Hercules
M 93 NGC 2447 Open cluster Puppis
M 94 NGC 4736 Galaxy Canes Venatici
M 95 NGC 3351 Galaxy Leo
M 96 NGC 3368 Galaxy Leo
M 97 NGC 3587 Owl Nebula Planetary nebula Ursa Major
M 98 NGC 4192 Galaxy Coma Berenices
M 99 NGC 4254 Pin-wheel Nebula Galaxy Coma Berenices
M 100 NGC 4321 Galaxy Coma Berenices
M 101 NGC 5457 Galaxy Ursa Major
M 102 NGC 5866 Galaxy Draco
M 103 NGC 581 Open cluster Cassiopeia
M 104 NGC 4594 Sombrero Galaxy Galaxy Virgo
M 105 NGC 3379 Galaxy Leo
M 106 NGC 4258 Galaxy Canes Venatici
M 107 NGC 6171 Globular cluster Ophiuchus
M 108 NGC 3556 Galaxy Ursa Major
M 109 NGC 3992 Galaxy Ursa Major
M 110 NGC 205 Galaxy Andromeda

Notes