From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- Indigenous knowledge : Local-level accumulated knowledge that does not originate in academic or corporate research institutions, inherited in situ through tradition and culture.
- Infectious disease : In broad terms, diseases caused by living organisms; also a subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the treatment of such diseases
- Protozoa : A subkingdom consisting of unicellular organisms that are the simplest in the animal kingdom. Most are free living. They range in size from submicroscopic to macroscopic. Protozoa are divided into seven phyla: Sarcomastigophora, Labyrinthomorpha, Apicomplexia, Microspora, Ascetospora, Myxozoa, and Ciliophora.
Etiology & pathology
- Plasmodium falciparum : Protozoan parasite, one of the species of Plasmodium that cause falciparum malaria in humans, transmitted by the female Anopheles mosquito.
- Plasmodium vivax : Add brief definition or description
- Plasmodium ovale : Add brief definition or description
- Plasmodium malariae : Add brief definition or description
- Schizont : Among protozoa, multinucleate cells or a stage in the development of sporozoa,exemplified by the life cycle of Plasmodium falciparum in the disease cycle of malaria.
- Merozoite : Add brief definition or description
- Gametocyte : Add brief definition or description
- Oocyte : Add brief definition or description
- Sporozoite : Add brief definition or description
- Vector (epidemiology) : The means by which a cause of morbidity or mortality propagates, such as insects, contaminated water, etc.
- Mosquito (insect) : Add brief definition or description
- DDT : An organochlorine pesticide that is very effective at killing mosquitoes and was used effectively in the fight against malaria.
- Indoor Residual Spraying : Add brief definition or description
- Long-Lasting Insecticidal Net : Add brief definition or description
- Artemisinin : An extract from the Chinese herb qinghaosu and its semisynthetic derivatives, the most important drugs used worldwide against malaria; drug resistance is an increasing problem
- Artemether-lumefantrine : Approved for uncomplicated P. falciparum infection, a fixed-combination antimalarial
- Atovaquone-proguanil : Fixed-combination antimalarial that may have action against babesiosis; approved for chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum
- Chloroquine : First effective synthetic antimalarial; discovered in Germany and not generally available until after the Second World War
- Clindamycin : An antibiotic drug, in the lincomycin class, used to treat infections including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; use is associated with an increased incidence of Clostridium difficile enteritis
- Doxycycline : Tetracycline derivative; treats malaria, anthrax, brucellosis, cholera, ornithosis, plague etc.
- Hydroxychloroquine : Add brief definition or description
- Mefloquine : An antimalarial approved, as an orphan drug, for Plasmodium vivax chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum prevention and treatment; contraindicated in preexisting major psychiatric disease and associated with new psychiatric disorders
- Primaquine : Add brief definition or description
- Pyrimethamine-sulfadoxine : Add brief definition or description
- Quinacrine : An obsolescent synthetic antimalarial used by the U.S. military in WWII; still the preferred drug for Giardia and used for female sterilization
- Quinidine : Add brief definition or description
- Quinine : Add brief definition or description
- Tetracycline : Both a class of naphthacene antibiotics, and a specific member of the class, which inhibit amino alkyl transfer RNA binding during protein synthesis
- Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole : Add brief definition or description
- Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation : Add brief definition or description
- Centers for Disease Control : A major center of epidemiologic research and clinical support in epidemics, considered a world resource although part of the United States Public Health Service, located in Atlanta, Georgia, USA
- Faithful America : An interfaith U.S. liberal religiously-based interest group
- World Health Organization : United Nations' agency for health, focussing on the control and prevention of diseases, and the support for international health programs.
- U.S. intelligence analysis of patterns of infectious diseases and impacts : The United States intelligence community model for the spread and world impact of infectious disease
- U.S. intelligence and global health : Analysis by the United States intelligence community, in conjunction with more general health organizations, relating to issues of human survival from health-related issues
- Global warming : The increase in the average temperature of the Earth's near-surface air and oceans in recent decades and its projected continuation.