LAMP (application stack)

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LAMP is an acronym that stands for "Linux, Apache, MySQL, Perl/PHP/Python." Packaged together, they create an application stack that is both free to use and open source which functions as a general purpose web server.

History

The concept of a LAMP stack (the free general purpose web server) had been possible from as early as 1994 when CERN httpd introduced the Common Gateway Interface, which allowed for the server-side execution of code to create dynamic webpages.[1][2] Linux, the CERN httpd, and server-side programming languages such as Perl were available for free, [3][4] but it wasn't until later that same year and the release of Postgre95 that it was possible to obtain a free database as well.[5]

By 1995, the Apache HTTP server and PHP were released, allowing for a LAPP application stack.[6][7][8] Finally in 1996, MySQL was released online and a full LAMP stack was possible.[9][10] The popularity of the LAMP stack quickly increased during the dot-com bubble of the late 1990s, when many New Economy firms ran their websites with open source software for budget reasons.[11]

Variations

Variations of LAMP packages (referred to as AMP packages) can differ based on the choice of operating system and other software

Acronym Operating system Web server Database manager Server programming
LAMP Linux Apache MySQL PHP, Perl, Python
LAPP Linux Apache PostgreSQL PHP, Perl, Python
LYME Linux Yaws Mnesia Erlang
SLAMPP Linux bootable from optical drive Apache MySQL PHP, Perl, Python, Ruby, Lua
MAMP Macintosh Apache MySQL PHP, Perl, Python
WAMP Microsoft Windows Apache MySQL PHP, Perl, Python
WINS Windows Server IIS SQL Server .NET
WIMP Windows Server IIS MySQL, MS Access PHP, Perl, Python
XAMPP Cross-platform Apache MySQL PHP, Perl
SAMP Solaris Apache MySQL PHP, Perl, Python
OAMP OpenBSD Apache MySQL PHP, Perl, Python
DAMP Darwin, DragonFly BSD Apache MySQL PHP, Perl, Python

References

  1. The Common Gateway Interface (CGI) Version 1.1. The Apache Software Foundation (October 2004). Retrieved on 2009-11-30.
  2. Change History for CERN httpd
  3. Slackware Linux, Inc. (1993-07-16). ANNOUNCE: Slackware Linux 1.00. Press release. Retrieved on 2009-11-30.
  4. Ashton, Elaine (1999). The Timeline of Perl and its Culture. Perl.org. Retrieved on 2009-11-30.
  5. A Brief History of PostgreSQL. The PostgreSQL Global Development Group (1996). Retrieved on 2009-11-30.
  6. History of PHP. The PHP Group (27 Nov 2009). Retrieved on 2009-11-30.
  7. PHP release newsgroup posting from 1995
  8. How Apache Came to Be. The Apache Software Foundation. Retrieved on 2009-11-30.
  9. DuBois, Paul (2005). MySQL; Third Edition. Sams. ISBN 0672326736. 
  10. Grimmer, Lenz. From Visions to Reality - an interview with David Axmark, Co-Founder of MySQL AB, MySQL AB, July 2007. Retrieved on 2009-11-30.
  11. Geipel, Markus Michael (2009). Dynamics of communities and code in open source software (PDF). ETH. Retrieved on 2009-11-30.