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A list of Citizendium articles, and planned articles, about Japan.
See also changes related to Japan, or pages that link to Japan or to this page or whose text contains "Japan".

Parent topics

  • East Asia [r]: Region comprising China, Japan, North Korea, South Korea and Taiwan; also defined in cultural terms, with these nations historically or at present sharing writing systems, philosophical modes of thought, and other relationships (population about 1,600,000,000). [e]

Subtopics

Regions

Japan consists of four large islands and thousands of smaller ones. While the sparsely-populated northern island of Hokkaido is its own prefecture (see below), others are split into smaller political and cultural regions.

Honshu

  • Honshu [r]: (本州 Honshuu) largest of the islands of Japan, divided into five regions and including the cities of Tokyo, Kyoto, Osaka and Hiroshima; population about 103,000,000. [e]
  • Tohoku [r]: (東北地方 Toohoku-chihoo), northerly region of Japan on Honshu island, divided into six prefectures and including the cities of Sendai and Akita; population about 9,500,000. [e]
  • Kanto [r]: (関東地方 Kantoo-chihoo), region of Japan on Honshu island, divided into seven prefectures and including the capital, Tokyo; population about 41,650,000. [e]
  • Chubu [r]: (中部地方 Chuubu-chihoo), region of Japan on Honshu island, divided into nine prefectures and including the city of Nagoya and Mount Fuji; population about 21,700,000. [e]
  • Kansai [r]: (関西地方 Kansai-chihoo), region of Japan also known as Kinki (近畿地方 Kinki-chihoo) on Honshu island, divided into seven prefectures and including the cities of Kyoto and Osaka; population about 22,500,000. [e]
  • Chugoku [r]: (中国地方 Chuugoku-chihoo), westerly region of Japan also known as San-in San-yo (山陰山陽地方 San-in San-yoo-chihoo) on Honshu island, divided into five prefectures and including the cities of Hiroshima and Okayama; population about 7,600,000. [e]

Hokkaido

  • Hokkaido [r]: (北海道 Hokkaidoo) second-largest and northernmost of the main islands of Japan, including the cities of Sapporo, Hakodate and Asahikawa; population about 5,500,000. [e]

Kyushu

  • Kyushu [r]: (九州 Kyuushuu) third-largest and westernmost of the main islands of Japan, divided into seven regions and including the cities of Fukuoka, Nagasaki, Kumamoto and Kagoshima; population about 13,000,000. [e]
  • Ryukyu Islands [r]: (南西諸島 Nansei Shotoo 'Southwest Islands') subtropical Japanese island chain in the East China Sea, east of Taiwan; divided between Okinawa and Kagoshima prefectures and home to the Ryukyuan languages and people. [e]

Shikoku

  • Shikoku [r]: (四国) smallest and least populated of the four main islands of Japan, divided into four prefectures and including the cities of Takamatsu, Matsuyama, Tokushima and Uwajima; population about 4,000,000. [e]

Prefectures

Administrative divisions or 'prefectures' of Japan are known as todōfuken (都道府県) in Japanese. Typically -ken (県) added to a place name indicates that it is a prefecture. Other regions are identified using -to (都 'metropolis', for Tokyo), -fu (府 'metropolitan prefecture', for Kyoto and Osaka) or -dō (道 'administrative region', used only in Hokkaido).

  • Aichi prefecture [r]: (愛知県 Aichi-ken) area of Japan located in the Chubu region of Honshu island; population about 7,310,000. [e]
  • Akita prefecture [r]: (秋田県 Akita-ken) area of Japan located in the northern Tohoku region of Honshu island; population about 1,130,000. [e]
  • Aomori prefecture [r]: (青森県 Aomori-ken) area of Japan located in the northern Tohoku region of Honshu island; population about 1,400,000. [e]
  • Chiba prefecture [r]: (千葉県 Chiba-ken) area of Japan located in the Kanto region of Honshu island; population about 6,100,000. [e]
  • Ehime prefecture [r]: (愛媛県 Ehime-ken) area of Japan located on the island of Shikoku; population about 1,500,000. [e]
  • Fukui prefecture [r]: (福井県 Fukui-ken) area of Japan located in the Chubu region of Honshu island; population about 819,000. [e]
  • Fukuoka prefecture [r]: (福岡県 Fukuoka-ken) area of Japan located on the island of Kyushu; population about 5,000,000. [e]
  • Fukushima prefecture [r]: (福島県 Fukushima-ken) area of Japan located in the northern Tohoku region of Honshu island; population about 2,000,000. [e]
  • Gifu prefecture [r]: (岐阜県 Gifu-ken) area of Japan located in the Chubu region of Honshu island; population about 2,110,000. [e]
  • Gunma prefecture [r]: (群馬県 Gunma-ken) area of Japan located in the Kanto region of Honshu island; population about 2,020,000. [e]
  • Hiroshima prefecture [r]: (広島県 Hiroshima-ken) area of Japan located in the Chugoku region of Honshu island, whose capital was struck by the world's first atomic bomb attack in 1945; population about 2,800,000. [e]
  • Hokkaido [r]: (北海道 Hokkaidoo) second-largest and northernmost of the main islands of Japan, including the cities of Sapporo, Hakodate and Asahikawa; population about 5,500,000. [e]
  • Hyogo prefecture [r]: (兵庫県 Hyoogo-ken) area of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu island; population about 5,600,000. [e]
  • Ibaraki prefecture [r]: (茨城県 Ibaraki-ken) area of Japan located in the Kanto region of Honshu island; population about 3,000,000. [e]
  • Ishikawa prefecture [r]: (石川県 Ishikawa-ken) area of Japan located in the Chubu region of Honshu island; population about 1,175,000. [e]
  • Iwate prefecture [r]: (岩手県 Iwate-ken) area of Japan located in the northern Tohoku region of Honshu island; population about 1,350,000. [e]
  • Kagawa prefecture [r]: (香川県 Kagawa-ken) area of Japan located on the island of Shikoku; population about 1,050,000. [e]
  • Kagoshima prefecture [r]: (鹿児島県 Kagoshima-ken) area of Japan located on the island of Kyushu and including some of the southerly Ryukyu Islands; population about 1,700,000. [e]
  • Kanagawa prefecture [r]: (神奈川県 Kanagawa-ken) area of Japan located in the Kanto region of Honshu island; population about 8,850,000. [e]
  • Kochi prefecture [r]: (高知県 Koochi-ken) area of Japan located on the island of Shikoku; population about 800,000. [e]
  • Kumamoto prefecture [r]: (熊本県 Kumamoto-ken) area of Japan located on the island of Kyushu; population about 1,800,000. [e]
  • Kyoto prefecture [r]: (京都府 Kyooto-fu) area of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu island; population about 2,700,000. [e]
  • Mie prefecture [r]: (三重県 Mie-ken) area of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu island; population about 2,000,000. [e]

  • Miyagi prefecture [r]: (宮城県 Miyagi-ken) area of Japan located in the northern Tohoku region of Honshu island; population about 2,350,000. [e]
  • Miyazaki prefecture [r]: (宮崎県 Miyazaki-ken) area of Japan located on the island of Kyushu; population about 1,100,000. [e]
  • Nagano prefecture [r]: (長野県 Nagano-ken) area of Japan located in the Chubu region of Honshu island; population about 2,200,000. [e]
  • Nagasaki prefecture [r]: (長崎県 Nagasaki-ken) area of Japan located on the island of Kyushu, once a gateway for foreign trade during the country's isolationist period, and whose capital was struck by an atomic bomb in 1945; population about 1,450,000. [e]
  • Nara prefecture [r]: (奈良県 Nara-ken) area of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu island; population about 1,500,000. [e]
  • Niigata prefecture [r]: (新潟県 Niigata-ken) area of Japan located in the Chubu region of Honshu island; population about 2,420,000. [e]
  • Oita prefecture [r]: (大分県 Ooita-ken) area of Japan located on the island of Kyushu; population about 1,200,000. [e]
  • Okayama prefecture [r]: (岡山県 Okayama-ken) area of Japan located in the Chugoku region of Honshu island; population about 1,900,000. [e]
  • Okinawa prefecture [r]: (沖縄県 Okinawa-ken) Area of Japan consisting of many southerly islands of the Ryukyu Islands chain, with Okinawa Island the largest; population about 1,300,000. [e]
  • Osaka prefecture [r]: (大阪府 Oosaka-fu) area of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu island; population about 9,000,000. [e]
  • Saga prefecture [r]: (佐賀県 Saga-ken) area of Japan located on the island of Kyushu; population about 850,000. [e]
  • Saitama prefecture [r]: (埼玉県 Saitama-ken) area of Japan located in the Kanto region of Honshu island; population about 7,100,000. [e]
  • Shiga prefecture [r]: (滋賀県 Shiga-ken) area of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu island; population about 1,500,000. [e]
  • Shimane prefecture [r]: (島根県 Shimane-ken) area of Japan located in the Chugoku region of Honshu island; population about 720,000. [e]
  • Shizuoka prefecture [r]: (静岡県 Shizuoka-ken) area of Japan located in the Chubu region of Honshu island; population about 3,800,000. [e]
  • Tochigi prefecture [r]: (栃木県 Tochigi-ken) Area of Japan located in the Kanto region of Honshu island; population about 2,020,000. [e]
  • Tokushima prefecture [r]: (徳島県 Tokushima-ken) area of Japan located on the island of Shikoku; population about 850,000. [e]
  • Tokyo [r]: (東京 Tookyoo) capital of Japan, a densely-populated metropolitan region of many cities in the Kanto region of Honshu island; population about 13,000,000. [e]
  • Tottori prefecture [r]: (鳥取県 Tottori-ken) least-populated administrative area of Japan, located in the Chugoku region of Honshu island; population about 600,000. [e]
  • Toyama prefecture [r]: (富山県 Toyama-ken) area of Japan located in the Chubu region of Honshu island; population about 1,110,000. [e]
  • Wakayama prefecture [r]: (和歌山県 Wakayama-ken) area of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu island; population about 1,100,000. [e]
  • Yamagata prefecture [r]: (山形県 Yamagata-ken) area of Japan located in the northern Tohoku region of Honshu island; population about 1,200,000. [e]
  • Yamaguchi prefecture [r]: (山口県 Yamaguchi-ken) area of Japan located in the Chugoku region of Honshu island; population about 1,450,000. [e]
  • Yamanashi prefecture [r]: (山梨県 Yamanashi-ken) area of Japan located in the Chubu region of Honshu island; population about 880,000. [e]

Culture

Language

  • Japanese language [r]: (日本語 Nihongo), Japonic language spoken mostly in Japan; Japonic family's linguistic relationship to other tongues yet to be established, though Japanese may be related to Korean; written in a combination of Chinese-derived characters (漢字 kanji) and native hiragana (ひらがな) and katakana (カタカナ) scripts; about 125,000,000 native speakers worldwide. [e]
  • Ainu language [r]: Endangered language of the Ainu people, spoken in parts of northern Japan and the Russian Far East. [e]
  • Ryukyuan languages [r]: Add brief definition or description
  • Japanese English [r]: English as used by native speakers of Japanese, either for communicating with non-Japanese speakers or commercial and entertainment purposes. Includes vocabulary and usages not found in the native English-speaking world. [e]

History

Other related topics

  • Life expectancy [r]: A concept in demography that measures the mean number of years of life for babies born in a specified year. [e] (See section on Japan)