Common cold/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
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- Acetaminophen : An analgesic antipyretic drug widely used for the treatment of headaches, fever and other minor aches and pains; has no antiinflammatory activity
- Cochrane Collaboration : Group of volunteers who review the effects of health care interventions tested in biomedical randomized controlled trials.
- Digital object identifier : Unique label for a computer readable object that can be found on the internet, usually used in academic journals.
- Echinacea : is a genus of nine perennial herbs, native to central and eastern North America, member of the Asteraceae or sunflower family and a member of the large tribe Heliantheae within the Asteraceae; three members of the genus are known principally for their uses as topical and internal herbal remedies; the plant is also appreciated and cultivated for its ornamental value as a garden flower.
- Fever : Elevation in the central body temperature of warm-blooded animals caused by abnormal functioning of the thermoregulatory mechanisms.
- Food and Drug Administration : The agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services responsible for regulating food, dietary supplements, drugs, biological medical products, blood products, medical devices, radiation-emitting devices, veterinary products, and cosmetics.
- Headache : Continuous pain perceived as being in the cranium.
- Infection : Invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues, especially that causing local cellular injury due to competitive metabolism, toxins, intracellular replication or antigen–antibody response.
- Multiple sclerosis : A chronic, inflammatory, demyelinating disease that affects the central nervous system (CNS).
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent : Medication other than corticosteroids having analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory activity due to their ability to inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandins.
- Pelargonium sidoides : Medicinal plant native to South Africa, whose derivative in inexpensive cold and flu medicines of various brands have unproven efficacy.
- Phytotherapy : The therapeutic use of plants or plant extracts to prevent or treat disease; it is most commonly a form of complementary and alternative medicine, following long culturally-specific traditions such as herbalism. Chemically extracted and concentration-controlled plant-derived substances are used in conventional medicine, but are usually not considered phytotherapy.
- Respiratory tract infection : Illnesses caused by an acute infection which involves the upper respiratory tract: nose, sinuses, pharynx or larynx.
- Virology : The study of viruses, sometimes included in the field of microbiology.
- Virus (biology) : A microscopic particle that can infect the cells of a biological organism and can reproduce only with the assistance of the cells it infects.
- Vitamin C : Required by a few mammalian species, including humans and higher primates. It is water-soluble and is usually obtained by eating fruits and vegetables; associated with scurvy (hence its chemical name, ascorbic acid).