Commando Order/Related Articles
From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Commando Order, or pages that link to Commando Order or to this page or whose text .
- Adolf Hitler : (1889–1945) Politician in Germany; became 1921 Nazi Party leader, 1933 Reichskanzler (Chancellor), then 1934 as der Führer dictator before and during World War II.
- Lawful combatant : A person who meets the qualifications of the Geneva Conventions to be entitled to prisoner of war status
- Special operations : Military or paramilitary operations that differ from conventional operations in degree of physical and political risk, operational techniques, mode of employment, independence from friendly support, and dependence on detailed operational intelligence and indigenous assets; they are often controlled at a national or strategic level of command
- Special reconnaissance : Also known as SR, missions deep in denied areas, conducted by special operations personnel. They may be in or out of uniform. While SR units may direct air, missile, or artillery strikes, they strive to stay undetected.
- Direct action (military) : Military attacks, usually by special operations forces on land, against specific, well-defined targets, often behind enemy lines.
Accusations of violation
- Trial of the Major War Criminals : Conducted by the four major Allied powers in Europe, this proceeding tried the designated Major War Criminals of Nazi Germany, as well as determining whether certain Nazi organizations were to be considered as criminal conspiracies to which membership was a crime
- Wilhelm Keitel : Field Marshal of Nazi Germany who headed the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht; executed for war crimes by the International Military Tribunal (Nuremberg)
- Alfred Jodl : Colonel-general in the Army of Nazi Germany; head of operations branch of Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, the overall command staff; executed for war crimes by sentence of the International Military Tribunal (Nuremberg)
- Sicherheitsdienst : The intelligence service of the Nazi SS, originally separated into foreign and domestic offices, part of the RSHA
- High Command Case (NMT) : A trial of senior professional military officers of Nazi Germany, for which some were convicted of war crimes, crimes against humanity, or both; none were judged at the policy-making level to have plotted aggressive war
- Georg von Kuechler : German Army Generalfeldmaschall commanding an army, then an army group, in Operation Barbarossa; defendant in High Command Case (NMT) sentenced to 20 years
- Johannes Blaskowitz : German Generaloberst who commanded forces moving into the Sudetenland and Austria, planned and commanded in Poland where he protested SS misconduct, relieved and later on the Western Front, committed suicide while facing minor charges in the High Command Case (NMT)
- Hostages Case (NMT) : A trial of senior Nazi Army officers for war crimes against civilians and prisoners of war in Yugoslavia and Greece
- British Commandos : In WWII usage, uniformed British special operations forces for direct action, with a role somewhere between today's Royal Marine Commandos and the Special Boat Service
- Office of Strategic Services : The United States' first unified agency for clandestine intelligence collection, all-source intelligence analysis and covert action
- Barbarossa Jurisdiction Order : An order issued by Wilhelm Keitel, Chief of the OKW of Nazi Germany, on May 13, 1941, directing how the military and security forces were to treat Soviet civilians after the start of Operation Barbarossa
- Commissar Order : A decree, signed by Adolf Hitler on June 6, 1941, specifying the treatment, often summary execution, of Soviet political officers captured by German forces in the Soviet Union
- Night and Fog Decree : A 1941 Nazi order calling for the extrajudicial detention, either followed by summary capital punishment or secret imprisonent in Germany, of civilians judged to be resisting German military occupation
- Third Geneva Convention : In international law, the primary treaty, as of 1949, governing the status and treatment of prisoners of war