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# Claude Shannon/Related Articles

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*See also changes related to Claude Shannon, or pages that link to Claude Shannon or to this page or whose text contains "Claude Shannon".*

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- Alan Turing [r]: British mathematician, code breaker and computer pioneer.
^{[e]} - Bandwidth [r]: In engineering, the length between two cut-off frequencies, as measured in hertz.
^{[e]} - Block cipher [r]: A symmetric cipher that operates on fixed-size blocks of plaintext, giving a block of ciphertext for each
^{[e]} - Byte [r]: A byte is a unit of data consisting of (usually) eight binary digits, each of which is called a bit.
^{[e]} - Chess [r]: Board game for two players played on a checkered board requiring skill, strategy and intellect.
^{[e]} - Cipher [r]: A means of combining plaintext (of letters or numbers, or bits), using an algorithm that mathematically manipulates the individual elements of plaintext, into ciphertext, a form unintelligible to any recipient that does not know both the algorithm and a randomizing factor called a cryptographic key
^{[e]} - Computer science [r]: The study of how computers work, and the algorithms, data structures and design principles used in their operation and programming.
^{[e]} - Cryptanalysis [r]: The sub-field of cryptology which deals with breaking into existing codes and ciphers.
^{[e]} - Cryptography [r]: A field at the intersection of mathematics and computer science that is concerned with the security of information, typically the confidentiality, integrity and authenticity of some message.
^{[e]} - Cryptology [r]: The theory and practice of protecting the content of communications, and of defeating the protective measures
^{[e]} - History of computing [r]: How electronic computers were first invented; how the technology underlying them evolved.
^{[e]} - History of cryptography [r]: The development, since antiquity, of means of concealing communications from other than the intended recipient
^{[e]} - Information theory [r]: Theory of the probability of transmission of messages with specified accuracy when the bits of information constituting the messages are subject, with certain probabilities, to transmission failure, distortion, and accidental additions.
^{[e]} - Intelligent design [r]: Claim that fundamental features of the universe and living things are best explained by purposeful causation.
^{[e]} - Kerckhoffs' Principle [r]: The principle, formulated by Auguste Kerckhoffs, that security in a cipher should not depend on keeping the details of the cipher secret; it should depend only on keeping the key secret.
^{[e]} - Massachusetts Institute of Technology [r]: A private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts with a strong emphasis on scientific and technological research.
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