Classified information/Related Articles
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- Administrative Review Board : Add brief definition or description
- Anthony Taguba : Involuntarily retired major general in the United States Army who, as Deputy Commanding General for Support for the United States Central Command land component command, was ordered to conduct an independent investigation of abuse allegations at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq; delivered a highly critical report that apparently ended his career
- Asynchronous Transfer Mode : A technology for the transfer of fixed-length "cells" of digital information through specialized cell switches built on top of optical transmission networks; increasingly obsolescent
- Atmospheric reentry : The movement of human-made or natural objects as they enter the atmosphere of a planet from outer space, in the case of Earth from an altitude above the 'edge of space.'
- Beach Jumpers : U.S. Navy special warfare units, specializing in deception and psychological warfare.
- Canadian Security Intelligence Service : The civilian intelligence analysis and counterintelligence organization of Canada
- Censorship : The act of preventing specifically defined ideals, concepts, images, or messages from being available to a given population.
- Central Intelligence Agency : The principal civilian intelligence organization of the United States, specializing in all-source intelligence analysis, clandestine human-source intelligence, and covert action.
- Clandestine human-source intelligence recruiting : The recruiting of human assets who do not work for a foreign intelligence service, as part of human-source intelligence.
- Compartmented control system : A set of controls, in addition to a regular national security classifications, that adds additional security restrictions to especially sensitive information
- Cooperative Engagement Capability : A distributed computing and communications system principally aboard U.S. Navy warships, more than the AEGIS battle management system is often called. As opposed to the Joint Tactical Information Distribution System it does not share only the processed data from single sensors on single platforms, but shares a mutually computed model fusing all sensors
- Data Encryption Standard : A block cipher specification issued by the U.S. government in 1976, intended for sensitive but unclassified data. It is now obsolescent, succeeded by the Advanced Encryption Standard, but still used in commercial systems.
- Defense Information Systems Network : The shared Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) terrestrial digital communications system for the U.S. military, onto which are layered routed networks such as NIPRNET, SIPRNET and JWICS
- Defense Intelligence Agency : One of the members of the United States intelligence community, charged with providing national-level analysis specifically relevant for military needs, and being the focal point for measurement and signature intelligence
- Explosive ordnance disposal : The techniques of identifying hazardous explosive devices, including unexploded ordnance (UXO) and improvised explosive devices (IED), determining if they can be rendered safe, and either attempting to render them safe or, after suitable precautions, destroying them in place
- Extranet : A predefined set of networked computers, under the control of different enterprises, that can communicate with one another for well-defined, secure application processing.
- Global Information Grid : The overall computing and communications architecture and systems interconnecting the U.S. Department of Defense military and civilian organizations, other government agencies, and allied nations; information is at the strategic/theater and operational, not tactical levels
- Government Communications Headquarters : The British government agency responsible for signals intelligence and information assurance
- Henry Kissinger : (1923—) American academic, diplomat, and simultaneously Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and Secretary of State in the Nixon Administration; promoted realism (foreign policy) and détente with China and the Soviet Union; shared 1973 Nobel Peace Prize for ending the Vietnam War; Director, Atlantic Council
- Information assurance : The combination of computer security, communications security, auditing and administrative controls such as physical security and personnel security clearances
- Information security : The set of policies and protective measures used to ensure appropriate confidentiality, integrity and availability to information; usually assumed to be information in a computer or telecommunications network but the principles extend to people and the physical world
- Internet Protocol security architecture : A structure and set of abstract techniques for implementing various security features, according to the requirements of a specific security policy, in Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) and Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6)
- Internet : International "network of networks" that connects computers together through the Internet Protocol Suite and supports applications like Email and the World Wide Web.
- Intranet : A set of networked computers, under one administration, which can only communicate with one another.
- JWICS : A military and intelligence communications system approved for classified information designated collateral TOP SECRET, as well as any information in a compartmented control system such as Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI) or Special Access Program (SAP)
- Joint Chiefs of Staff : The staff committee of the most senior members of the U.S. military services, charged with policy advice, doctrinal development, and preparedness rather than operational control of forces
- Joint Network Node : A transportable communications routing and circuit-switching node, designed as a transition into the Warfighter Information Network-Tactical
- Local area network : A range of techniques for interconnecting multiple computers, over physical media such as wire or over wireless radio, within a limited geographic area, typically multiples of 100 meters.
- NIPRNET : The common user network intended to carry U.S. military "sensitive but unclassified" traffic for military personnel, government employees, military contractors, and approved allies
- National Security Agency : An organization within the United States Department of Defense, with the dual roles of the principal signals intelligence agency in the United States intelligence community, but also having the responsibility for information assurance of military, diplomatic, and other critical communications.
- OC-135B Open Skies : U.S. aircraft that carry out cooperative, unarmed photoreconnaissance flights over countries participating in the Open Skies Treaty
- Online document services : "Online document services" such as Google Docs provide all the functionality of "office" applications on the web, including word processor, spreadsheet, and presentations. Most of them also support internal formats for Microsoft Office and Open Office software.
- Presidential Decision Directive 39 : A 1995 Clinton Administration order on U.S. counterterrorism policy
- Principle of Least Privilege : A security principle that gives individuals only the special privileges needed to carry out a specific function; the default condition is that individuals do not have any privileges that were not explicitly granted.
- Protected distribution system : A cabling system, with associated end user devices and network management equipment, that has sufficient physical safeguards to protect unencrypted classified information passing through it.
- RC-135 RIVET JOINT : A United States Air Force long-range aircraft for collecting communications intelligence
- Rules of engagement : The conditions under which a military unit may open fire if fired upon or threatened, and the type of force it can use without direct orders from a higher level of command
- SIPRNET : The shared United States Department of Defense network that carries the bulk of classified information, limited to a security classification of SECRET.
- Sensitive Compartmented Information Facility : A work area with the administrative, physical, and electronic safeguards to allow proper protection of information or materials under the requirements of a compartmented control system
- Single Integrated Operational Plan : The U.S. plan and doctrine for the use of nuclear weapons in a large campaign, prepared for all services by the United States Strategic Command, based on Joint Chiefs of Staff guidance
- Special operations : Military or paramilitary operations that differ from conventional operations in degree of physical and political risk, operational techniques, mode of employment, independence from friendly support, and dependence on detailed operational intelligence and indigenous assets; they are often controlled at a national or strategic level of command
- State secrets privilege : A legal doctrine, explicit in the U.S. but with comparable rules in other countries, which allows the suppression of evidence, or the blocking of a trial, if that would unavoidably cause the disclosure of information deemed critical to national security
- TROJAN SPIRIT : A U.S. military communications system for handling the most highly classified intelligence information in field headquarters, which also provides field units with connectivity to worldwide high-security networks
- TSQ-190 : A Special Purpose Intelligence Remote Integrated [satellite] Terminal (TROJAN SPIRIT II) that provides field commands with access to intelligence processing and dissemination systems, including national networks such as JWICS.
- Terrorism and U.S. Intelligence : Activities of the U.S. government to identify potential sources for the tactical use of terrorism, related to but distinct from intelligence on political insurgencies that may or may not use that tactic
- U.S. Department of Defense : The military forces of the United States and their supporting civil servants.
- United States intelligence community : The United States' intelligence agencies coordinated by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.
- Virtual private network : The emulation of a private Wide Area Network (WAN) facility using IP facilities, including the public Internet or private IP backbones.
- Voice Over IP : A form of packetized, digital telephony that uses the Internet Protocol (IP) as its transport mechanism.