User:Howard C. Berkowitz/Related Computers
- See also User:Howard C. Berkowitz/General Engineering
- See also Military for military applications of computers
- See also Health for medical computing
Architecture and requirements
- Computer networking reference models: Add brief definition or description
- Locality of networks: The assumption, in networking technologies, about the characteristics of the user space they support, and, as importantly, the user spaces they should ignore
- Value of networks: A variety of factors influence the value of communications networks, including the number of participants, the interconnections among the participants, and the reliability of both the physical network and the information it carries.
- Protocol (computer): A complete specification of the rules for communication between two or more computing devices in a computer network.
- Anycast: A technique for increasing load distribution and fault tolerance in networks with multiple copies of a read-only server function, but with the same unicast address.
- Unicasting: In computer networks, the transmission of a frame, packet, or message, which has a destination address that maps to one and only one target
- Internet Protocol Suite: The real-world set of networking protocols, with administrative and operational conventions, which populate the real-world working Internet
- Open Systems Interconnection Reference Model: ISO standard that describes a layered approach to designing computer networks
- Asynchronous Transfer Mode Reference Model: Add brief definition or description
- Signaling System 7 Reference Model: Add brief definition or description
- Application layer/level
- Naming and naming protocols
- End-to-End and (Session) level
- Internetwork and routing
- Medium sharing
- Medium attachment
- Transmission media
- Post Office Protocol version 3: Add brief definition or description (POP3)
- Simple Mail Transfer Protocol: In the Internet Protocol Suite, SMTP is the basic method for transferring the "envelopes" of electronic mail among servers performing the electronic "post office" function, not the user mailbox function. (SMTP)
- Voice over Internet Protocol: A family of standards that permits carrying voice telephony over Internet Protocol networks that handle both voice and data, instead of dedicated telephony networks.
- Domain Name System: The Internet service which translates to and from IP addresses and domain names.
- Domain Name System security: A set of extensions to the Domain Name System to protect it from security threats known at the time
- Transmission Control Protocol: (TCP) A protocol that reliably delivers bytes across an internet. As long as the connection is up, bytes will be delivered without bit errors and in the order they were sent. It does not guarantee latency.
- User Datagram Protocol: The simplest, lowest-overhead end-to-end protocol in the Internet Protocol Suite
- Internet Protocol: A protocol that is used to transmit data across an Internet Protocol Suite-compatible network, "hop-by-hop" from the source host, through intermediate routers, to the destination host
- Address registry: An organization, usually at a continental level, that allocates parts of the Internet Protocol (versions 4 and 6) space, as well as autonomous system numbers, and maintains public servers from which information on these allocations can be retrieved
- Internet Protocol version 4: The main internetwork (also called hop-by-hop or network layer) protocol of the existing Internet and products compatible with the Internet Protocol Suite, to be replaced by Internet Protocol version 6
- Internet Protocol version 6: The next-generation Internet Protocol, providing (among other benefits) a vastly increased address space (128bits), which should in turn provide the ability for an end-to-end Internet and allowing new models of communication to be developed.
- Internet Protocol version 6 addressing: Add brief definition or description
- Internet Protocol version 6 deployment: As opposed to the protocol mechanisms or addressing conventions, these are the operational matters that arise in deploying IPv6, including interoperability among implementations, support tools, and coexistence techniques
- : Mechanisms that exchange information about the reachability of various network destinations among routers, from which the router control plane builds a "map" of the routing domain
- Open Shortest Path First: Add brief definition or description
- Intermediate System-Intermediate System: An interior routing protocol capable of distributing address information from multiple address families; especially popular for large Internet Service Providers and homogeneous networks
- Router: A relay that forwards individual packets based on information in their header; typically an Internet Protocol header
- Routing: The process of receiving a packet on one interface of a router, validating the packet and forwarding it out the appropriate interface.
- Routing information base: An electronic table (file) or database type object that is stored in a router or a networked computer.
- Control plane: Functions in a router that tell it how to direct packets through the forwarding plane; include routing protocols that draw the "map" of the network
- Forwarding information base: Add brief definition or description+
- Autonomous system: Add brief definition or description
- Border Gateway Protocol: In a set of interconnected networks, the means by which different autonomous systems advertise the destinations to which they offer connectivity
- Computer networking session protocols: A communication protocol for computer to computer networking.
- Computer networking media attachment protocols: Add brief definition or description
- Computer networking media sharing protocols: Computer network protocols that mediate the access of multiple devices to a common physical medium; the data link layer in the Open Systems Interconnection Reference Model but part of the interface layer in the Internet Protocol Suite
- Forwarding plane: The part of the router architecture that decides what to do with packets arriving on an inbound interface.
- Ethernet: An early proprietary standard for local area networks developed by IEEE Project 802; the term has become generic for various connectors and communications techniques although the name of a standard would be more precise.
- IEEE 802.3: The primary standards body for evolved Ethernet over physical media protocols