- International relations : Add brief definition or description
- Diplomacy : Add brief definition or description
- Ahmed Agiza : An Egyptian citizen, rendered to Egypt by Swedish and U.S. personnel, where he was imprisoned for a 1999 in absentia conviction of belonging to an illegal organization, Egyptian Islamic Jihad; the removal from Sweden did not involve extradition and may have violated the refoulement provision of the Convention against Torture.
- Ben Salomon : A United States Army dental officer, who was killed in action protecting a U.S. military hospital, during the Battle of Saipan from being overrun by Japanese troops; received a long-posthumous Medal of Honor after extensive review and special legislation
- Convention against Torture : An international treaty, created in 1984 and at least partially agreed-to by 146 countries, to deny the legality of torture and take steps to abolish its use
- Extrajudicial detention, U.S. : Situations where the Executive Branch of the United States government has detained individuals without the authority of the judicial branch of government; there have been many cases going back to through the early history of the nation, sometimes during overt war, and, perhaps better known at present, directed against non-national threats.
- Extrajudicial detention : The policy and practice of holding prisoners captive without judicial authority to do so, or without a recognized authority under international law, such capture of prisoners of war
- Fourth Geneva Convention : International agreement specifying the obligations of an Occupying Power towards civilians in an area it controls
- Geneva Conventions Additional Protocol I : An extension, primarily to the Fourth Geneva Convention, which extends prisoner of war protection to fighters, in international conflict, who do not wear distinctive insignia and may hide among civilians; it does prohibit attacks against civilians
- Geneva Conventions : For international law, the principal group of treaties addressing humanitarian aspects of war
- Human rights : Natural civil and political rights considered universal and applicable to all human beings worldwide.
- International law : The formal conduct of interactions between nation-states, both at the national level and on behalf of their citizens; generally accepted as first formalized by Hugo Grotius.
- Just war theory : The branch of ethics concerned with the basis for starting, conducting, and terminating wars
- Law of the United States : The system of law as it has evolved under the United States Constitution through laws enacted by Congress and treaties to which the U.S. is a party.
- Laws of Land Warfare : Both the title of a specific U.S. Army manual, as well as a term in customary international law, for acceptable battlefield conduct
- Laws of war : Add brief definition or description
- Military Commissions Act of 2006 : U.S. law authorizing the President or Secretary of Defense to create tribunals for determining the prisoner of war status of persons captured as non-national combatants, and to try them, outside the regular judicial system, for war crimes
- Military law : Statutes, codes, and common traditions relating to and executed by military courts for the discipline, trial, and punishment of military personnel.
- Occupying Power : Add brief definition or description
- Third Geneva Convention : In international law, the primary treaty, as of 1949, governing the status and treatment of prisoners of war
- Torture : The infliction of mental or physical pain, for punishment or as an interrogation technique.
- Trademark : A word, phrase, design, or other feature that is legally accepted to identify the source of a product or service
- Universal jurisdiction : A concept in international law that allows a nation to prosecute an individual charged with offenses against humanity, with no requirement that the defendant or victim be a national of the Requesting State or indeed, that there are any links to the Requesting State and the defendant
- War on terror : A major policy of the George W. Bush Administration, defining global terrorism, as opposed to nation-states as in the Cold War, as the focal point of national security policy
- War : A state of violent conflict which exists between two or more independent groups, each seeking to impose its will on the other.