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- B. N. Figgis and M. A. Hitchman. Ligand Field Theory and Its Applications, Wiley-VCH: New York, (2000). ISBN 0-471-31776-4.
- C. J. Ballhausen, Introduction to Ligand Field Theory, McGraw-Hill, New York (1962).
- J. S. Griffith, The Theory of Transition Metal Ions, Cambridge University Press (1961).
- L. E. Orgel, An Introduction to Transition Metal Chemistry, Methuen, London (1960).
- H. Watanabe, Operator Methods in Ligand Field Theory, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs (1966).
- Tang Au-Chin, Theoretical Methods of the Ligand Field Theory, Science Press, Beijing (1979).
- Morowitz,H.J.; Srinivasan,V.; Smith,E. (2010) Ligand field theory and the origin of life as an emergent feature of the periodic table of elements. Biological Bulletin 219:1-6.
- The assumption that all biological catalysts are either proteins or ribozymes leads to an outstanding enigma of biogenesis-how to determine the synthetic pathways to the monomers for the efficient formation of catalytic macromolecules in the absence of any such macromolecules. The last 60 years have witnessed chemists developing an understanding of organocatalysis and ligand field theory, both of which give demonstrable low-molecular-weight catalysts. We assume that transition-metal-ligand complexes are likely to have occurred in the deep ocean trenches by the combination of naturally occurring oceanic metals and ligands synthesized from the emergent CO(2), H(2), NH(3), H(2)S, and H(3)PO(4). We are now in a position to investigate experimentally the metal-ligand complexes, their catalytic function, and the reaction networks that could have played a role in the development of metabolism and life itself