Philosophical theology

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Philosophical theology is an approach to theology involving the use of philosophical methods to examine, analyse, and criticise theological concepts and theses.

Although sometimes presented as a branch of the philosophy of religion, philosophical theology is more often seen as a branch of theology, and includes but is not limited to natural theology (the branch of theology that attempts to use reason in order to demonstrate the truth of religious claims).


  • J. Deotis Roberts A Philosophical Introduction to Theology. London: SCM Press, 1991. ISBN 0 334 02494 3
  • Kames F. Ross Philosophical Theology. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1969.