Novator R-172 (missile)
A new Russian long-range air-to-air missile, the Novator R-172, was originally defined as an "AWACS-killer", or, in general, a means of attacking well-defended high-value assets such as tanker and C3I-ISR aircraft. It has also been known as the KS-172, a derivative of the Vympel R-37 (missile). With and without a booster stage, a range of 160 or 215 nmi has been claimed. 
There are similarities between the R-172 and the experimental U.S. Network Centric Airborne Defense Element (missile) (NCADE). While NCADE is initially intended as an air-launched anti-ballistic missile, it could also be used against high value assets.
In like manner, the R-172 potentially could be adapted to an ABM role, but the differences between the two must be remembered. Against large, slow, but well-protected targets, long range is the critical requirement. Against a fast booster, perhaps accelerating at an unpredicatable rate, moderate range but high maneuverability is needed. The R-172, to be a boost phase interceptor, would have to add a small maneuvering kill vehicle.