Ireland (state)/Catalogs/Irish political parties
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The main political parties in Ireland, in alphabetical order, are:
Ireland's largest political party was founded in 1926 by Éamon de Valera, in a split from Arthur Griffith's Sinn Féin. In 2007, Fianna Fáil also registered as a political party in Northern Ireland, but following Brian Cowen's appointment as leader has abandoned plans to organise there.
Leader: Brian Cowen
European Parliament grouping: Union for Europe of the Nations.
Ireland's second largest political party was founded in 1933, in a merger of Cumann na nGaedhael, the Army Comrades Association and the Centre Party. Although second largest in terms of TDs elected to Dáil Éireann, it became the largest represented party on local city, town and county councils following the local elections of 2009.
Leader: Enda Kenny
European Parliament grouping: European People's Party.
Founded in 1981 (as the Ecology Party of Ireland).
Leader: John Gormley
Political ideology: Green politics
European Parliament grouping: European Greens – European Free Alliance
The Labour Party was founded in 1912 by James Connolly. It is Ireland's third-largest party.
Leader: Eamon Gilmore
Political ideology: Democratic socialism
European Parliament grouping: Socialist Group in the European Parliament
Founded in 1985 by Des O'Malley, in a split from Fianna Fáil that also brought in some Fine Gael members.
Leader: Ciarán Cannon
Political ideology: Free-market liberalism
European Parliament grouping: n/a
The Progressive Democrat's parliamentary party announced in September 2008 that it would be recommending that the party be wound up at a special general meeting of members. The general meeting was held on November 8, 2008, and voted to wind up. Mary Harney remains as an independent TD and Minister for Health.
Several political parties in Ireland have been named Sinn Féin, which is Irish for "We ourselves." The Sinn Féin party currently represented in Dáil Éireann, the Northern Assembly and the European Parliament was formed from a split in 1970, and was originally called "Provisional Sinn Féin". Sinn Féin is organised both in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Leader: Gerry Adams
European Parliament grouping: European United Left - Nordic Green Left