NOTICE: Citizendium is still being set up on its newer server, treat as a beta for now; please see here for more.
Citizendium - a community developing a quality comprehensive compendium of knowledge, online and free. Click here to join and contribute—free
CZ thanks our previous donors. Donate here. Treasurer's Financial Report -- Thanks to our content contributors. --


From Citizendium
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is developing and not approved.
Main Article
Related Articles  [?]
Bibliography  [?]
External Links  [?]
Citable Version  [?]
This editable Main Article is under development and not meant to be cited; by editing it you can help to improve it towards a future approved, citable version. These unapproved articles are subject to a disclaimer.

Integrity, in information security, refers to the assurance that data retrieved from an information system has the same meaning as when it was entered. In U.S. law, it refers to the "Guarding against improper information modification or destruction, and includes ensuring information non-repudiation and authenticity."[1]

Two recognized subsets are:

  • Atomic integrity, or the assurance that an individual record is unchanged
  • Sequential integrity, or the assurance that records of a file are not duplicated, deleted, or out of sequence

Nonrepudiation is an aspect of the processing of information. Sender nonrepudiation means that one cannot deny creating a transaction, and can prove having done so, while receiver nonrepudiation means one cannot deny receiving it.


  1. 44 USC 3542