George Sand, born Aurore Amantine Lucile Dupin de Francueil, 1804, was a prolific French writer. She took her male pen name George Sand initially from her collaboration with Jules Sandeau, an established novelist, though this did not last. She produced novels and short stories, generally considered to be within the Romantic mpvement, but also political (republican) and feminist writings. Having married and separated from a husband with whom she had little in common, she had affairs, though in sequence rather than simultaneously, with several well-known men, including Alfred de Musset and Frédéric Chopin. She died in 1876.