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- American conservatism: A diverse mix of political ideologies that share support for market economics, some view of American exceptionalism and, generally, decentralization of government; differing views of individual liberties versus enforcement of morality; in opposition to liberalism, socialism and communism; factions include libertarianism, social conservatism, nativism (politics) and neoconservatism
- American Conservative (magazine): Founded by Patrick Buchanan, a publication on the "Old Right" side of American conservatism, with a particular emphasis on criticizing neoconservatism
- Conservative Coalition: A congressional coalition of Republicans and southern Democrats who joined forces in opposition to New Deal liberalism
- Conservative Judaism: A modern stream of Judaism that arose out of intellectual currents in Germany in the mid-19th century and took institutional form in the United States in the early 1900s.
- Conservative party: Any political party or interest group committed to conservative principle, which is a sometimes paradoxical notion. In the last years of the U.S.S.R., for example, socialist leaders there found themselves in the role of conservatives, seeking to preserve the status quo ante, as political conservatives in the U.S., Britain and elsewhere were committed to radical transformation of the role of government.
- Conservative Party of Canada: The current governing party, formed in 2003 by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party.
- Conservative Party (UK): A conservative political party in the United Kingdom, founded in its present form during the early 19th century.
- Council of Conservative Citizens: U.S. social conservative group, emphasizing white, European, Christian culture; successor to White Citizens' Council and considered racist; politically active
- Neoconservatism: A political philosophy and ideology which combines many traditional conservative opinions with an emphasis on the importance of foreign policy and using American power to push democracy forward.
- Paleoconservatism: A branch of American conservatism that stresses tradition, civil society, classical federalism and the heritage of traditional Christian civilization, and opposed socialism, the Eisenhower "New Deal" and neoconservatism; Patrick Buchanan is prominent