Timeline for Commons
A sequence of significant events in the evolution of the idea of civil society.
1876: Henry Sumner Maine's "Village Communities in East and West" is published in New York.
- Maine indicates the existence of village-based common field agriculture across Europe and Asia from England to Japan.
1887: Thomas E. Scrutton's book, "Commons and Common Fields" is published in London.
1894: Eversley Shaw-Lefevre's English Commons and Forests is published in London.
1965: Garrett Hardin's essay "The Tragedy of the Commons" is published in Science.
1977: Eleanor & Vincent Ostrom's 2 x 2 table bursting the public/private dichotomy into four types of goods including "common goods" is published.