Bill of Rights (England)

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The Bill of Rights[1] is a major constitutional document that was drawn up after the Glorious Revolution of 1688-89, which resulted in the exile of King James II and the accession to the throne of William of Orange and Mary. Its purposes were to depose James II for misgovernment; to determine the succession to the throne, to prevent arbitrary actions by future monarchs, and to guarantee parliament’s powers in relation to them.
Its principle contents are:

  • a declaration by the Commons and the Lords commencing with a list of the misdeeds of James II;
  • the Thirteen Articles defining the limitations of the Crown and confirming the rights of Parliament and the individual;
  • a confirmation of the accession of William and Mary to the Throne and a definition of the succession.