Arthur and Merlin

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Arthur and Merlin are a pair of players (like Alice and Bob) used by László Babai in his paper Trading group theory for randomness[1] (1985) where he introduced Arthur vs. Merlin games in order to define new Arthur-Merlin complexity classes related to interactive proof systems.

  1. STOC '85 Proceedings of the seventeenth annual ACM symposium on Theory of computing, ACM. 421–429 (1985),(abstract)