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Apollodorus (Άπολλόδωρος) also called Apollodorus of Athens (born c. 180 BC - died after 143 BC) was a Greek grammarian and historian. Little is known about his life. He was the son of Asclepiades and pupil of Aristarchus, Panaetius (son of Nicagoras) and Diogenes the Babylonian (the stoic philosopher). He died some time after 143 BC.

Apollodorus is best known for his Chronicle (Χρονικἀ), an account in verse of Greek history from the fall of Troy to 144 BC. Only fragments of it survived. He also wrote numerous other works, including a treatise titled On the Gods and a catalogue of ships used by Strabo. The famous compendium of Greek mythology called the Bibliotheke (Βιβλιοθήκη) long attributed to Apollodorus was not written by him and is now commonly attributed to pseudo-Apollodorus.