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Alfredo Stroessner

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Alfredo Stroessner (1912-2006) Paraguayan general who took control of the country in a military coup, and was dictator from 1954 to 1989. The government under Stroessner was known for human rights abuses. He also was involved in providing sanctuary to Nazi war criminals including Klaus Barbie and Josef Mengele, some of whom had U.S. intelligence help in escaping Europe. Stroessner died, while exiled in Brazil and with his extradition being sought, in 1993. [1]

In 1992, detailed records of human rights abuses under Stroessner, as well as the broader international Operation Condor, were discovered.[2]

Stroessner distinguished himself in the War of the Triple Alliance, which gained loyalty for him in the military. [3]


  1. Schemo, Diana Jean (16 August 2006), "Stroessner, Paraguay’s Enduring Dictator, Dies", New York Times
  2. Osorio, Carlo and Mariana Enamoneta, ed. (21 December 2007), Rendition in the Southern Cone: Operation Condor documents revealed from Paraguayan "Archive of Terror", vol. National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 239— Part II
  3. Hanratty, Dannin M. & Sandra W. Meditz, (1988), Paraguay: A Country Study., Library of Congress