University of Chicago

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The University of Chicago (commonly referred to as UChicago, the U of C, or just Chicago) is a private, coeducational research university in Chicago, Illinois, U.S.. It was founded by oil magnate and benefactor John D. Rockefeller and incorporated in 1890; William Rainey Harper became its first president in 1891 and the first classes were held in 1892.

The University consists of the College of the University of Chicago, various graduate schools and interdisciplinary committees organized into four divisions, six professional schools, and a school of continuing education. The University enrolls approximately 5,000 students in the College and about 14,000 students overall. It has a reputation of devotion to academic scholarship and intellectualism,[1][2] and is affiliated with 85 Nobel Prize laureates.[3]

University of Chicago scholars have played a role in the development of the Chicago School of Economics, the Chicago School of Sociology, the Law and Economics movement in legal analysis,[4] and the physics leading to the world's first man-made, self-sustaining nuclear reaction.[5] The University is also home to the Committee on Social Thought, an interdisciplinary graduate research program, and to the largest university press in the United States.[6]


  1. The University of Chicago. The Fathom Archive (Columbia University). Retrieved on July 30, 2006. "The University of Chicago was founded in 1892, and within a short time became internationally recognized as one of the world's great centers of scholarship, research, and teaching."
  2. (2008) "The Insider's Guide to the Colleges", 34th. Yale Daily News, 305-308. 
  3. Nobel Laureates. The University of Chicago (December 10, 2008). Archived from the original on 10-9-2009. Retrieved on October 9, 2009.
  4. History of Law and Economics. University of Montreal. Retrieved on August 26, 2009.
  5. Angelo, Joseph A. (November 30, 2004). Nuclear Technology. Greenwood Press. DOI:10.1336/1573563366. ISBN 1-57356-336-6. 
  6. Duffy is named Director of the University Press. The University of Chicago Chronicle (April 27, 2000). Retrieved on April 30, 2006.

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