Supreme Court of the United States/Catalogs

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An informational catalog, or several catalogs, about Supreme Court of the United States.

Subject

Confinement

  • Kansas v. Crane [r]: A 2002 decision of the Supreme Court of the United States, ruling that a person could not be adjudicated a sexual predator and put in indefinite medical confinement, purely on assessment of an emotional disorder, but such action required proof of a likelihood of uncontrollable impulse presenting a clear and present danger. [e]
  • Korematsu v. United States [r]: A U.S. Supreme Court case, in which the internment of Japanese-Americans was deemed constitutional due to military necessity [e]
  • Hamdi v. Rumsfeld [r]: A 2004 opinion by the Supreme Court of the United States, which held that a U.S. citizen, captured in a combat zone and alleged to be bearing arms against the United States, still was entitled to a judicial hearing to determine if he was an enemy combatant subject to military, rather than civilian, law [e]

Jurisdiction

  • Ex parte Quirin [r]: A 1942 Supreme Court of the United States ruling that affirmed the right to try captured enemy personnel, who operated in civilian clothing, by a Presidentially appointed secret military tribunal [e]
  • Johnson v. Eisentrager [r]: A 1950 U.S. Supreme Court decision that nonresident enemy aliens, captured in the context of a declared war outside the jurisdiction of any U.S. civil court, were purely under the jurisdiction of military law and had no access to the U.S. judicial system [e]
  • Hamdan v. Rumsfeld [r]: A 2006 decision by the Supreme Court of the United States, stating that there was no basis for trying, by U.S. military commission, a person captured in combat with U.S. allies on foreign soil, and turned over to U.S. forces [e]
  • Marbury v. Madison [r]: An 1803 U.S. Supreme Court case that established its power of judicial review [e]