The Republic of Somaliland is an independent country that has not yet been internationally recognised. It has been independent since 1991, when it seceded from Somalia. Prior to its unification with Italian Somaliland in 1960, it was a British colony, the British Somaliland Protectorate.
The head of state and government is the President of Somaliland. Dahir Rayale Kahin (usually called Rayale)'s third term of office expired on 15 May 2008, but he has stayed in power. A new presidential election been rescheduled five times, most recently for 27 September 2009; a new date has not been set.
Its political process has stalled, but the parties may have reached a nonviolent approach to restarting it. 
Because of Somaliland's unrecognised status, it has no official relations with any country, but there has been increasing contact between the Parliament of Somaliland and the National Assembly of Wales in recent years. There has been calls for Somaliland's independence to be given full recognition, and for it to be granted full membership of the British Commonwealth.