Sloop-of-war

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(PD) Painting: Yuri Feodorovich Lisyansky
The sloop-of-war Neva was the first Russian ship to circumnavigate the globe in 1804 under the command of Lieutenant Commander Yuri Lisyansky.[1] In June, 1807 she became the first Russian ship to make contact with Australia.[2]

A sloop-of-war is a light sailing warship, fitted with a single gun deck and light cannon, typically used for patrols and scouting where contact with larger warships was not expected. Typical armaments included 16-20 guns, but some had up to 28. Sloops were generally assumed to be "ship-rigged", with three masts and square sails, but small seagoing vessels with other rigging sometimes were grouped with the more standard sloops.

Her commanding officer was usually a commander but sometimes a junior captain. In World War Two, WWII sloops were ocean escorts, with lesser capability than a destroyer or destroyer escort.

Notes

  1. Postnikov, A. (2002).
  2. Massov (2006), pp. 203-214.