From Citizendium, the Citizens' Compendium
- See also changes related to Schutzstaffel, or pages that link to Schutzstaffel or to this page or whose text .
- Germany : Federal republic in central Europe (population c. 82.4 million; capital Berlin), with the North Sea, Denmark and the Baltic Sea to the north; Poland and the Czech Republic to the east; Switzerland and Austria to the south; and France, Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west; founding member of the European Union.
- Nazi Germany : The German state under National Socialism, 1933-1945
- German National Socialist Workers' Party : The specific German political and governing organization, also known as the NSDAP and (German) Nazi Party, led by Adolf Hitler, that was based on the ideology of National Socialism. There were other Nazi parties, and there were other political organizations that followed the tenets of National Socialism.
- Heinrich Himmler : German Nazi leader, head of the Schutzstaffel (SS) party elite; committed suicide after being captured at the end of World War II
- Reichsicherheitshauptampt (RSHA) : That part of the SS that contained both State and Party organizations considered part of Nazi Germany's security organization. For example, the Gestapo (RSHA Amt [office] IV) was a state organization with secret police responsibilities, while the Sicherheitsdienst (SD, RSHA Amt I) was a party organization with domestic and foreign intelligence duties.
- Reinhard Heydrich : First commander of the RSHA of the SS, then Nazi Protector of Bohemia and Moravia until his assassination
- Ernst Kaltenbrunner : Second commander of the Reich Main Security Administration (RSHA) of the SS of Nazi Germany; executed for war crimes by the International Military Tribunal (Nuremberg)
- Gestapo : The secret political police force of Nazi Germany, a state rather than party organization, reporting both to the SS (Party) and Ministry of the Interior (State)
- Sicherheitsdienst (SD) : The intelligence service of the Nazi SS, originally separated into foreign and domestic offices, part of the RSHA
- Otto Ohlendorf : SS-Gruppenfuehrer; head of domestic intelligence (Amt III) in the SD; Commanding Officer of Einsatzgruppe D; executed by verdict of the Einsatzgruppen Case (NMT) trial in the Nuremberg Military Tribunals
- Walter Schellenberg : (1910-1952) SS-Brigadefuehrer, who headed the SD throughout WWII, which absorbed all other national foreign intelligence organizations of Nazi Germany; testified against major war criminals at the International Military Tribunal (Nuremberg); later received a six-year sentence; commuted before his death from liver disease
- Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt (WVHA) : The major department of the SS that had responsibilities for economic affairs, including concentration camps, which were considered slave labor resources as well as potential sources of confiscated goods.
- Oswald Pohl : SS-Obergruppenfuehrer, Waffen SS; Head of the SS WVHA; and its Amtsgruppe W; executed by verdict of the Pohl Case (NMT)
- Ernst Grawitz : SS-Obergruppenfuehrer and Chief Medical Officer of the SS; suggested the use of gas chambers for The Holocaust and supervised Nazi medical experiments; committed suicide at the war's end
- Karl Brandt : Senior medical officer of Nazi Germany, Gruppenfuhrer in the SS and personal physician to Adolf Hitler; executed for war crimes related to the Holocaust, including involuntary medical experiments and the technical aspects of genocide.
- Waffen-SS : Conventional combat troops of the SS, usually considered fanatical fighters
- Paul Hausser : Highest-ranking officer of the Waffen SS; retired Reichswehr lieutenant general who first started forces and later joined Nazi Party; commanded regular army group; not indicted as major war criminal
- Abwehr : German military counterintelligence and external intelligence in World War II, eventually absorbed into the Nazi party security apparatus other than purely military support
- Wehrmacht : The combined regular military forces (i.e., excluding the SS) of Nazi Germany, under the High Command of the Armed Forces (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht), including the Army (Heer), Navy (Kriegsmarine) and Air Force (Luftwaffe)
- Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW) : (OKW) In Nazi Germany, the High Command of the Armed Forces, or the military staff office in direct support of Adolf Hitler
- Oberkommando der Heeres(OKH) : (OKH) German Army headquarters under the Third Reich; effectively the headquarters for the Russian Front
- Oberkommando der Luftwaffe(OKL) : Add brief definition or description
- Oberkommando der Marine (OKM) : (OKM) Highest-level headquarters of the Kriegsmarine (i.e., Navy) under the Third Reich
- Adolf Hitler : (1889–1945) Politician in Germany; became 1921 Nazi Party leader, 1933 Reichskanzler (Chancellor), then 1934 as der Führer dictator before and during World War II.
- Hermann Goering : prominent Nazi politician, effectively #2 in status for most of the war and Commander-in-Chief of the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) during WW II. Sentenced to death by the International Military Tribunal (Nuremberg) but committed suicide shortly before execution