Resolute Bay

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(CC) Image: George Swan
Resolute Bay, Nanisivik and Gjoa Haven, Nunavut.
(PD) Photo: Ansgar Walk
Downtown Resolute Bay, 1997, with Resolute Passage in the background.

Resolute Bay is a community of about 250 individuals on Cornwallis Island, in Nunavut, near the eastern entrance to the Northwest Passage.[1][2] Canadian Armed Forces plans to build a training centre for surface forces there, as a companion to the Naval Base at Nanisivik.

Canada asserts that the Northwest Passage is an internal passage, while the United States position is that the passage should be considered an International shipping channel.[3]</ref>[4] The different interpretations have significant consequences for protecting the fragile Arctic environment. The amount of ice coverage of the Northwest Passage is undergoing a very significant reduction. This reduction is ice is often cited as one of the few positive effects of global warming, because the route between Europe and Asia across the pole is shorter than that through the Panama Canal. The Canadian government argues that as internal waters it would have the right and responsibility to inspect and regulate International shipping through the Northwest Passage, in order to enforce environmental safety measures.

Like Grise Fiord the Canadian Government encouraged Inuit families to relocate to Resolute Bay as a sovereignty demonstration in the early 1950s.[2]

In order to prepare to enforce environmental safety measures the Canadian government is building new Arctic bases, including a surface warfare training base at Resolute Bay.[1][3][4]

When American oil interests tried to force the S.S. Manhattan, an ice-strengthened super-tanker through the Northwest Passage in 1968 hunters from Resolute Bay tried to block its passage.[3]

Resolute Bay is a regional hub for bush planes supplying smaller communities.[5]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Preliminary work underway on High Arctic naval port, CBC News, 2008-08-05. Retrieved on 2008-08-11. mirror
  2. 2.0 2.1 Northwest Passage: The National visits Canada's North, CBC News, 2006-10-27. Retrieved on 2008-08-14. mirror
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Zorzetto, Alicia (May 2006). "The Dispute over the Northwest Passage". ICE Case Studies (185). Retrieved on 4 October 2013.
  4. 4.0 4.1 PM starts fight for north, Toronto Star, 2007-08-10. Retrieved on 2008-08-11.
  5. Clifford Kraus. Resolute Bay Journal; Undaunted Arctic Couriers, Coming In With the Veggies, New York Times, 2004-05-14. Retrieved on 2008-08-04. mirror